Tag Archives: parwez

Exposition of the Holy Quran – 106 Quraish (G A Parwez)

Surah 106: Quraish

(Quraish)

(1-2) The Quraish are the custodians of the Ka’bah and therefore they are held in great esteem by the people. It is due to this respect, status and commanding influence that neighbouring tribes and states have entered into covenants giving a guarantee that these tribes would not plunder their caravans. Accordingly, they can continue to dispatch their trade caravans everywhere, all year around. They can do so in summer and winter, always safely and securely.

(3-4) Because of their position as custodians of the Ka’bah, they enjoy many facilities. They have however, neglected the reason for which they were made the custodians. The Almighty had given them protection against hunger and fear, so that happily satisfied, safe and secure, they could make the Ka’bah the centre of the divine system. (In fact, they became holy priests, making the Ka’bah a shrine for visiting pilgrims.)

This is wrong. They should obey the divine laws of the Rabb Who owns this house and with Whose reference they enjoy this status. (Now this task will be undertaken by the Muslim community, which is being formed for this purpose.)

 

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Exposition of the Holy Quran – 105 Al-Feel (G A Parwez)

Surah 105: Al-Feel

(The Elephants)

(1) (If these opponents are under the false impression that no one can defeat a powerful and mighty force like theirs, you should tell them) “Have you not seen, with your own eyes, how your Rabb dealt with the army which had elephants?

(2) “You saw with your own eyes how He rendered their artful planning utterly unsuccessful.

(3) (They had selected an unknown pass on the other side of the mountain, so that they could lead a sudden attack and take you unawares.) “But flocks of eagles and vultures (which normally fly over the armies to pick up remnants of dead bodies or eatables) started hovering over their heads. In this way you realized from a distance, that some army was on the move behind the mountains (their secret plan was thus exposed).

(4-5) “Therefore you climbed over the mountain and started pelting them with stones, crushing their army and making them look like chewed-up stubble.”

(All this happened before your very eyes. When such a mighty army can be defeated, then what about yourself? All your secret plans will also fail.)

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Exposition of the Holy Quran – 104 Al-Humazah (G A Parwez)

Surah 104: Al-Humazah

(The Slanderer)

 

(1-2) (O Rasool! Tell these people explicitly that) A person whose only aim in life is to amass wealth and then keep on counting how much he has collected (this becoming his main purpose in life – 70:18), develops a tendency to find a hundred and one faults with any reformer who stands up to criticize the capitalistic system. He even slanders such a reformer, making all this effort mainly to cause a split amongst his followers.

(3) Does he believe that his wealth will always save him from calamities?

(4) If he believes this, he is under a false impression. All his wealth will be thrown into jahannam (destruction), which in turn will break it into crumbs. It will thus be of no use to anyone (9:35).

(5) Who else except Allah Almighty can tell you what this jahannam of destruction is?

(6-7) This is the fire ignited by Allah’s Law of Mukafat, the flames of which engulf their hearts.

(8-9) This fire has been kept enclosed in lofty columns, which (out of sheer ignorance) these people consider to be an everlasting source of life. (Their own wealth, which they were so proud of, will turn into fire, reducing the very substance of their life to ashes.)

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Exposition of the Holy Quran – 103 Al-Asr (G A Parwez)

Surah 103: Al-Asr

(The Flight of Time)

 

(1) The time which has passed, the entire history of mankind testifies that

(2) Human efforts have always ended in failure and man’s labour has gone to waste. After every step and at each stage, he was unsuccessful and in loss. He has never been able to achieve his objective.

(3) There is however, an exception. Who are the people who were successful, triumphant and victorious?

These are the people who believe in the stability and strength of the unalterable principles of life and permanent values given by Allah Almighty. They do righteous deeds which help sort out intricate problems of mankind, thereby creating equality (evenness) in society, which in turn develops every individual’s latent potentialities.

However, this cannot be done individually. It can only be achieved through collective efforts. As such, these people live a collective life where everyone not only performs his own duty and does the work assigned to him, he also persuades his colleagues to do their best and to face the difficulties which come their way, with fortitude and steadfastness. Their common pursuit for truthfulness and firmness thus becomes a binding link between them. They firmly and continuously adhere to this attitude, leaving behind their imprints for coming generations.

These are the characteristics of the Muslims thus ensuring their success and victory. The stories of the lives of other human beings are full of failures; and pages of history bear testimony to this fact!

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Exposition of the Holy Quran – 102 At-Takaathur (G A Parwez)

Surah 102: At-Takaathur

(Greed for More)

(1) O people, do you know what makes you oblivious to the real destination of mankind? The answer is obsession, avarice and rivalry, because of which each tries to excel above the other (in amassing wealth and acquiring more and more – 57:20, 83:26).

(2) (If you confine your demands to fulfilling only your own needs, then what is acquired would be limited. However, when the motive is to excel over each other, then there can be no limit. In that case) The more you acquire the greedier you become, till such time that you reach your grave.

(3) This is not something which cannot be comprehended. If you think of it dispassionately you would soon realize how destructive this attitude is.

(4) Of course you can quickly understand the outcome of this way of life.

(5-6) If you apply your mind and seriously think about it you will see, with your own eyes, the jahannam towards which this life is taking you (29:54, 79:36, 82:16).

(7) But it appears that you will not use your intellect and reason; and you will blindly continue to follow this way till you fall into jahannam. Then for sure you will see it with your own eyes.

(8) At that time you will be questioned about the bounties the Almighty had bestowed for the nourishment of mankind, but which you collected to satisfy your own greed. You will also be asked whose toil and blood it was that decorated your palaces of joy and pleasure and what right you had to usurp them (21:13).

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Exposition of the Holy Quran – 101 Al-Qaariah (G A Parwez)

Surah 101: Al-Qaariah

(The Calamity)

 

(1) Yes! That extremely noisy and thundering revolution! That uproar and stormy clash (which is likely to happen soon)!

(2) How awful that revolution will be (69:4)!

(3) Who else, except Allah Almighty, can tell you what will happen in that revolution?

(4) People will be like scattered moths;

 

(5) And their mighty chieftains will appear like fluffy tufts of wool flying around in the air.

(6-7) However, the revolution will not merely be an aimless riotous event. It will help establish a system based on justice and fair play, instead of the current unjust and unfair order. Everyone in it will be assigned a position according to his deeds. The one whose deeds weigh heavier in the scales will find himself in a happy and blissful life, just as he desires.

(8-9) And the one whose deeds are lighter on the scales will fall in the depths of degradation. His mind (or intellect) would not be of any help, and he will wander in utter suffering and despair.

(10) And what is this depth of degradation?

(11) It is a fiercely blazing fire burning everything down to ashes. (The rebellious emotions of man, which do not stay under the wahi, produce such results.)

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Exposition of the Holy Quran – 100 Al-Aadiyaat (G A Parwez)

Surah 100: Al-Aadiyaat

(The Chargers)

 

(1) Just look at the plundering bandits who come on galloping and snorting horses, charging on to the people who are enjoying peaceful sleep!

(2) They make the steeds run at such speeds that their hooves give off sparks.

(3) No one knows from how far they have come, but at the crack of dawn when people are still in deep sleep, they make their assault for the sake of looting and killing.

(4) To create panic and confusion, they raise a huge cloud of dust so that nothing is clearly visible; and

(5) Then they penetrate deep into the ranks of the sleeping folks and create havoc.

(6-8) Man’s tendency to loot and plunder shows that when he insanely pursues the acquisition of wealth, he forgets the codes and rules of law. Instead of developing means of sustenance by using his innovative creativity, he wants to usurp the hard earned money of others and hoard it for himself. He thus shows his ungratefulness to the divine order of Rabubiyyat. Furthermore, he never acknowledges this mentality. Instead, he presents looting and plundering as great feats; and his own life shows that he does all this for his limitless greed and love of wealth (102:1-2).

(9-10) Is he not aware that Our Law of Mukafat exposes everything that is hidden, including the innermost thoughts and secrets passing quietly through one’s mind? A man may assert that he is not doing all this for his love of wealth, and that his intentions are different. However, Our Law of Mukafat shall expose his real intentions.

(11) Although all these secrets will be unveiled on the day the deeds are manifested, Allah Almighty knows them even today. He knows what the human heart actually holds back and what it reveals! (No capitalist will ever accept that he collects money due to greed. This however, is self-deception. A time will come when they will not be able to hide these desires and the world will become aware of them.)

 

Note:

In the first five verses of this surah, the Holy Qur’an has not clarified the parties that were looting. Considering Verse 6 and others thereafter, we have concluded that the earlier verses refer to groups who used to attack to loot, which was a common practice at the time of Arab ignorance (jahlia). However, if these verses are for the mujahideen (Muslim soldiers) who used to attack to conquer opponents, then these would imply praise for their effort. The later verse would complement it by saying that should man be left on his own, he would tend to collect everything for himself leaving nothing for poorer people. To stop them from this one has to break their strength with jihad (war). The mujahadeen sacrifice their lives and their horses for this purpose.

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Exposition of the Holy Quran – 99 Az-Zalzalah (G A Parwez)

Surah 99: Az-Zalzalah

(The Earthquake)

(1) When that great revolution occurs, the present unjust socio-economic system will be completely overturned; and

(2) The oppressive forces which impose their authority on earth will be thrown out; and

(3) Human beings (who never imagined that a revolution, whereby the powerful and wealthy people and nations would meet such a miserable consequence) would be extremely surprised at how this change took place.

(4) Then history would repeat itself; and the episodes of earlier nations would stand out as a stark reality.

(5) All this shall happen exactly according to the divine law.

(6) On that day, a new system of justice will be established; the noble and the guilty will be separated (36:59); every group will clearly see the results of their deeds.

(7) Whosoever follows the divine laws, even to a very small extent, and does noble deeds will see pleasant results.

(8) And whosoever goes against the law, even to a very small extent, would get appropriate punishment.

All this shall happen in this world also, both when the Qur’anic order is being established (as it happened during the time of Nabi Muhammad (PBUH), as well as in the hereafter, when the deeds of all human beings will manifest themselves in front of them.

 

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Exposition of the Holy Quran – 98 Al-Baiyyinah(G A Parwez)

Surah 98: Al-Baiyyinah

(The Clear Proof)

(1) These people who call themselves Ahl-ul-Kitab are in fact those who reject Allah’s deen (and follow their self-made religions); and the Arab mushrikeen (polytheists) who claim to have never received the divine scripture, could not have freed themselves from the chains to which they were fastened, until they had received clear wahi. (This wahi has now come in the form of the Qur’an; and its sole objective is to free them from the chains to which they have fastened themselves – 7:157.)

(2) They have received this wahi through the Rasool, who presents before them pure (Qur’anic) verses which are free from defects;

(3) These are the verses of the Qur’an which contains unchangeable divine laws and permanent values of life.

(4) But such is the state of these Ahl-ul-Kitab (People of the Book) that despite the clear and candid laws that have been revealed, (instead of believing in the Qur’an and paving the way for the unity of mankind) they started to create factions.

(5) They did so in spite of being commanded by the Qur’an to follow only the divine laws; to deny anyone else as their sovereign; and to leave everything else aside in order to unite on one point. They should concentrate their efforts on establishing the system of Sala and providing for the nourishment and development of mankind. This is the only firm system that guarantees benefit and uplift to mankind.

(6) However, the Ahl-ul-Kitab adopted divergent ways in this regard. Some accepted it, while others rejected it; and the mushrikeen have the same attitude. The end result for all those who have refused to accept the truth of the (divine) system would be awful destruction in which everything would be reduced to ashes; and they would abide therein (for ever). (This state of affairs would continue even after death.) Such is the life of the worst of creatures.

(7) On the contrary, people who believe in the truth of the divine system and work in accordance with the constructive programme (as determined by the Almighty) are the best of creatures.

(8) The results of their righteous deeds shall come before them according to Allah’s Law of Mukafat. They shall abide forever in a heavenly society, the freshness of which would never fade (because this state would not end with death). This is because they have brought themselves into harmony with the divine laws, and the results of their deeds shall be drawn up according to the promises made to them by the Almighty.

All this happened because these people had wisdom and far-sightedness. They were afraid that if they did not lead lives according to the divine laws, then the outcome would be doom.

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Exposition of the Holy Quran – 97 Al-Qadr (G A Parwez)

Surah 97:  Al-Qadr

(Destiny)

(1) We revealed the Qur’an with permanent values and principles at a time when the world had become dark, without the light of wahi. Hence, the night when the revelation started was indeed the beginning of a new era (2:185, 14:1, 44:1-4, 81:17-19).

(2) Who can tell you better than Allah Almighty, how sublime and dignified the night was when these illuminating values and principles were revealed?

(3) This one night is better than the thousands of months when mankind had been deprived of the light of wahi.

(4) This night is in fact the harbinger of the era which is destined to emerge with the revelation of the Qur’an; the specialty of that era is that gradually the heavenly forces (forces of nature) and the divine revelation(1) would supplement one another. Under divine guidance, human beings will continue to conquer the forces of nature and gradually utilize them for the universal rabubiyya of mankind. Peace and order shall thus prevail in every aspect of human life.

(5) The world would thus be rid of all darkness and ultimately the earth will glitter with the most wondrous light of its Rabb (39:69, 83:6).

—- Footnote —–

(1)          Ar-Rooh is the divine energy that makes laws in the world of amr. This divine energy revealed wahi to the heart of the Nabi. That is why wahi has also been called Ar-Rooh. So, considering the context, we have taken Ar-Rooh to mean divine energy at times, and wahi in other places (see 16:2, 42:53, 17:85-86, 2:97-87, 26:193, 70:4, 78:38).

 

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