Quran: The Last,The Complete And The Unabrogated Book (Dr. Manzoor-ul-Haque)

Allah (SWT) sent the Messengers for the guidance of the humans. They used to come to every nation in every period of time. Their teaching bestowed upon them by means of revelation was called their Book. The principles of the teachings remained the same from the very inception of this process, but the way these were enforced balked upon the exigencies of the time, place and circumstances of each nation. The Nabi came to every tribe, to every nation, to every community, delivered Allah’s message for the guidance of his nation, and implemented the teachings in the nation to observe in its practical life and the left the world on his time. After his departure from this world, the nation/community/tribe changed, altered, and or modified the Book, and some times lost the teachings due to some external episodes. Then there came the other Nabi. He, too, redelivered the divine guidance. His teaching was also based on the principles of the previous Nabi. If the exigencies of the time demanded any change in the teachings of the previous Nabi, it was embodied therein. This was termed as this new Nabi’s Book. This process went on burgeoning unceasingly in every nation/tribe/community, in every period of time till the last of this series, when Muhammad pbuh, the last seal of this institute of Nabuwwa, came to an end and delivered the last Book known as the Quraan.

SALIENT FEATURES OF THE LAST NABI AND HIS BOOK

The salient features of this last Nabi and his Book are:

  1. The previous Ambiya were sent to their own nations/tribes/communities, BUT this Nabi was sent to all the humans of the world. In this regard the Quraan says:

(O Muhammad) tell them: “O mankind, I am the Messenger of Allah to all of you (7: 1591).

  1. When it was called the “mankind”, it included the human beings coming till to the day of resurrection. It was, therefore, explained that though the first nation to whom he addressed first is his own nation, where he was born, but besides it he is also the Messenger to all the human beings who are to come after him. For this purpose the Quraan proclaims:

And besides them, even to others who have not yet joined them. It means you are the Messenger to those who are to come after them (62:3).

  1. The Quraan became the composite and comprehensive Book of all the previous Divine Books. Hence this revealed Book, the Quraan, integratively incorporated all the principle teachings revealed from time to time in the previous Divine Books, which were never found in their original form in the nook and corner of the world at that time. For this purpose the Quraan very lucidly asserts:

And We revealed to you this Book based on truth. It will validate in real earnest all the assertions made in the previous revealed Books. And it has subsumed all the teachings of those Books (5: 48).

  1. It was imperative that the injunctions given in this Book would have not been suited to the requirements of that nation to whom he had been sent; but would have been showered to suit the genius, the exigencies, and the circumstances of the entire humanity. And would have been bestowed in the form and format where the need of any change would have never been felt. Even it would have included the entire teachings deemed to be showered to the entire human beings and would have been composite, integrative, sequentially arranged because this Book had to be a permanent code of life. In other words it would have been a complete, perfect, comprehensive, immanent, and unchangeable Divine Book. This Quraan is really such a Divine Book. That is why the Quraan itself says:

Allah’s laws based on truth and justice have been set forth in this Book in a complete form. None has the authority to make any change in these laws (15: 9).

That is why the Messenger, the Rasool (pbuh) was very explicitly told to

Present to them whatever is revealed to you O Rasool, none shall change Allah’s words (18:27).

  1. The Book complete in all respects, not liable to change of any nature, be a Divine guidance to the human beings of the entire world, how important it is to keep it in tact, preserved and conserved in all respects! That is why there is a mention in the Quraan:

There is no doubt that it is We, Ourselves, who have bestowed this Quraan step by step and it is We who shall see that it is always preserved. (15:9)

A preservation of such a kind that nothing contrary to the Quraanic may even pass to it! Hence says the Quraan:

The untruth, the wrong, the falsehood from anywhere, neither from the front nor from the back of it will ever come by it (41: 42).

The name of this Rasool, the Messenger, is Muhammad (pbuh) and that of this Book is the Quraan.

This Quraan was revealed in the 6th century A.D.; it is known as the Book of the Muslims though it is the Divine Book of the entire humanity in the real sense.

Now after the Quraan was revealed there was no need of any other Messenger, so the institute of Nabuwwah was finished all together and the Nabi, the Messenger, Muhammad (pbuh) was called Khaata munna biyyeen – the end and the sealing of all the Messengers (33: 40).

This is the only Book, the Quraan, extant on this globe, word by word the same it was revealed and the same in its pristine originality. The internal evidence, the evidence from within this Book, and the external evidence, the evidence from history stand witness to this stark fact.

THE INTERNAL EVIDENCE

We project the internal evidence first:

  1. The Art of Calligraphy

The art of calligraphy (reading, writing) was well prevalent among the Arabs before the revelation of the Quraan. It was because of this fact that the Muslims were ordained in the Quraan in the following way:

Whenever you enter into matter pertaining to the giving of loans for a particular period, do commit it to writing (2: 284).

Thereafter, detailed instructions for ‘committing to this writing’ has been given in the Quraan. It is evident that this type of order can only be given when the art of reading and writing is popularly prevalent in the society. The Quraan has lucidly made the significance of reading and writing clear when it said: It is aqwa mo lishsh haa da te i.e., This establishes the evidence (2:282). It makes this fact very clear.

  1. Reliable Calligraphers

When the followers of the Quraan were so stressed to commit to writing when ever they enter into the contract of any sort of giving–and–taking enterprise, how much drastic measures would have been taken in preserving this very Divine Book for bringing it in a written form! This Book was a code of life for them and they had to consult it at every step for their guidance. And more-over, this Book was not revealed in one instance; it was revealed gradually, step by step, within 23 years of the life of Nabawwah of the Messenger, Muhammad (pbuh). The Quraan, in this regard, proclaims:

The kuffar, the unbelievers of this Book, object as to why this Quraan was not revealed completely to this Messenger in one stance, in one whole (25: 32).

The stark fact is that no sooner did the revelation come by, than it was brought to a written form very carefully. There was a special provision developed within the authority of the Messengerhood. Though the companions of the Messenger also used to write the revealed portion of the Quraan on their own but the most reliable calligraphers were the selected kaat been-i-wahi. They were very carefully selected for shouldering the responsibility of this nature. These calligraphers were not only the experts of their art, but also were recognized to be at the zenith of their character and conduct by all and sundry. To this effect the Quraan says:

(This revelation) is preserved in such scrolls, which are the most respect-worthy, the most exalted, the most cleansed, are of the highest grandeur, free of every inkling of any error, of any human inclination –pristine sacred. It is written by the calligraphers, who are held of high esteem and exalted prestige in the society (80: 13-16).

For the sake of its protection, the Quraan was written on the cards made of thin parchment that were developed in line with the customs prevalent at that age. History also corroborates this fact that the paper was used during the period of ignorance (daur-i-jah-lia) in Arabia. Even the Quraan provides its proof in Sura Al-An’aam(6:7) and uses the word QIRTAAS for the paper. The paper was probably imported from Syria. (Refer Mazaahab-i-Alam ki Aasmaani Kitaabein by G.A.Parwez, published by Tolu-e-Islam, Lahore, 1989, p.148 at foot note).

The Quraan says:

It is a written Book on the spread-out parchment (52: 2-3).

In this way this revelation (Wahi) was preserved in the form of a Book. That is why the Quraan says:

It is the most esteemed the noblest, Quraan, preserved and conserved in the form of a Book (56: 77-78).

  1. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was not Illiterate

It is said  that  the  Messenger of  Allah,  Muhammad (pbuh) was illiterate i. e., he  did

neither know how to read, or how to write. This is absolutely wrong. Before the assignment of Nabawwah, he was illiterate but he never remained as such after the showering of the assignment ofNabawwah on him. In this regard the Quraan is very explicit when it says:

Before it (Nabawwah) neither you knew how to read the book, nor you knew how to write with your own hand (29: 48).

In this verse the discrimination of min qab lehee (Before it) is irrefutable evidence to the fact that after the assignment of Nabawwah, his position regarding how-to-read-and-write has not balked as if he is illiterate. He turned out to be a dignified person knowing how to read and write after he was showered with Nabawwah.

The recitation of this book, the Quraan, was generally done in the Muslim homes. Even within the family of the Messenger, Muhammad (pbuh), the Quraan was regularly read and understood. For this family the Quraan very explicitly declares:

(O ye the wives of the Messenger!) always keep in view all that is read from (the Quraan) about Allah’s injunctions, laws, and the rationality, the wisdom there-of read from (the Quraan) (33: 34).

  1. The Quraan-Conners, Haffaz

This Wahi, the revelation, all that which was revealed to the Messenger, was not only preserved and conserved in writing but was also preserved as such, word by word, by hifz process – by the process of committing to the Memory whatsoever was revealed. This was called the Quraan conning. The Quraan projects this process when it says:

These are the lucid verses, (preserved) in the hearts of the people who have been bestowed with the knowledge of (Wahi) (29: 49).

In this way this Book, the Quraan, was doubly preserved and conserved – by writing and by committing to the human memory i.e., by the Quraan-conning. It is a clear proof of the fact that a matter so preserved and conserved is not vulnerable either from within or from without or neither vulnerable to any inkling or any possibility of any error, nor of any probability of devastation or abrogation of any nature. This Book worded in their mother tongue was at the tip of the fingers of the people who were the masters of their style of expression (26: 195).

So these people had neither any difficulty either in its calligraphy or in committing to their memory, nor any difficulty either in its understanding or betting others make it understand. This Book was recited in every home and its dissemination spread everywhere. They used to keep its copy, whether in travel or on stay because it was the main spring of their code in every walk of their life. And they had to have it for their guidance at every moment while traversing on the thorny bushes grown on both sides of the pathways of their life.

In this way this Book, being revealed in piecemeal was completed and preserved. And when the Messenger, Muhammad (pbuh) left this world, this Book, the Quraan, was extant with tens of thousands of the Muslims. And also with the Quraan Conners in their minds – preserved and conversed in exactly the same form, style and sequence of its verses as we have it today. There was a Master Copy. It was always kept in a cascade near the pillar of Nabavi Mosque. It was exactly the same copy in which the Messenger of Allah first of all used to make the calligraphers write the revealed verses.  This copy was calledImam or Umm in their own dialect, and the pillar with which this copy was placed was called “Astawaana Mashaf”. Sitting by this pillar, the companions, under the supervision of the Messenger, Muhammad pbuh used to make a copy for their own scriptures from this Master Copy. The publication of the Book was so general that when the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) addressing tens of thousands of masses at the eve of his last sermon asked them in unequivocal words: Have I managed to deliver you the message of Allah? It echoed from every nook and corner of the mob of the people: Yes, you have. It was for this Book that Umar (R), in the presence of other companions, during the last days of the physical life of Muhammad (pbuh), had said, “Hasbona Kita Allah.” Suffice for us is the Book of Allah. And being it above any shadow of doubt, its own evidence is extant. That is why the very first verse of the Quraan   -after giving the eisagoge, the introduction of the Quraan with Surah Fateha  – burgeons with these words:

Allah, the wise and knowing has said: “It is the Book wherein there is no uncertainty, ambiguity or psychological perplexity” (2: 3).

  1. Elision of a Misunderstanding: An Attempt at Resuscitation

It is generally said: the Messenger, Muhammad (pbuh) did not hand over the Quraan well composed and compiled in book form, and that it was compiled in the form of Book during the reign of Hazrat Abu Bakr, the first caliph. It is not true. The term “Kitaab” is assigned to that which is extant in compiled form, duly bound. Leaving this aside, there are numerous bits of evidences found in our books of traditions that make it very clear that the Quraan, compiled in the same sequence as we have today, was extant during the days of the Messenger, Muhammad (pbuh). It was only its general dissemination that was widely made during the Khalafat-i-Rashida, the noble caliphate period. Even then there remains one dire need that is needed to be fulfilled. This need is both implicit and explicit in its nature. Every individual of the Ummah had a copy of the Quraan on his own. The Master Copy of the Quraan was kept in Madina. Madiniites had no difficulty to compare their copies of the Quraan with that of the Master Copy for their satisfaction and surety in terms of the validity and reliability of their individual personal copy. But those of other than Madiniites have difficulty of verifying for ascertaining the validity and reliability of their copies of the Quraan. It was necessary that a number of authentic copies of the Quraan be prepared and placed in various central places of the country.

  1. The Extant Numerous Copies of The Quraan

It was for this reason that the Government of the day prepared a number of copies of the Quraan. And then sent these copies to the central places so that the masses after comparing their personal copies of the Quraan with those of the authentic copies so placed may be able to rectify their copies, if need be. Imam ibn Hazm has noted down: During the period of the first caliph, there was no city where the inhabitants had not had a number of personal copies of the Quraan. And during the period of Caliph Omer (R) the number of written copies of this Grand Book, the Quraan, was not less than one lac. (Refer G.A. Parwez in his book Mazaahib-i-Alam Ki Aasmaani Kitaabein (3rd edition) published by Tolu-e-Islam (Trust Regd.), 25/B, Gulberg-2, Lahore, 1989 P. 41). G. A. Perwaz in the same book has further written: Hazrat Usmaan (R) during his reign had prepared seven  –according to some traditions eight   –authentic and verified copies of the Quraan, and placing one copy in Madina, sent the other copies to the various cities outside Madina. The detail of these copies is found in the books of traditions.

Regarding the “compiling” of the Quraan, there is also another misunderstanding that prevails in the minds of the people. It is that Hazrat Usmaan (R) is the “Quraan-Compiler.” It is not true. He was not absolutely the one who compiled the Quraan. Like other Caliphs, he was simply the one who made arrangements for the spread of the copies of the Quraan. And he added one thing more, the most important. It was to find out any copy of the Quraan, which is either not compatible to or not in consonance with those authentic and verified copies of the Quraan he had widely spread out in the nook and corner of the outer cities under his governance. It was the most important work to be done at this period of time. It was because there was possibility of an oversight or error in the copies of the Quraan the people have prepared on their own. In those days there were no printing presses through which the Government could be able to distribute the printed copies of the Quraan to achieve diminution of the unauthentic copies of the Quraan. This could have been the only possible mechanism: That after sending the authentic copies of the Quraan to the various central places, the people could have been instructed to prepare and or to verify their own copies with these copies of the Quraan. If anyone has had a copy of the Quraan, which is not in consonance with them, it may be wasted so that no such copy of the Quraan having any error may got be spread out and disseminated among the masses.

HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: EVIDENCE FROM WITHOUT

  1. Evidence of Maurice Bucaille

Maurice Bucaille in his book The Bible, The Qur’an and Science, published by Islamic Book Service, Lahore, 1998, (P.129), quoting Professor Hamidullah’s preface to his French translation of the Qur’an (1971), giving his excellent description of the conditions that prevailed when the text of the Qur’an was written, and lasted till the time of the Prophet’s death writes: “The sources all agree in stating that whenever a fragment of the Qur’an was revealed, the Prophet called one of his literate companions and dictated it to him, … Descriptions note that Mohammed asked the scribe to reread to him what had been dictated so that he could correct any deficiencies.” Quoting him further he writes: “Several sources add that Muhammad’s scribe Zaid was present at this final bringing-together of the texts. Elsewhere, numerous other personalities are mentioned as well.” Then Bucaille writes: “At the same time however, Muhammad recommended that the faithful learn the Qur’an by heart. They did this for a part if not all of the text recited during prayers. Thus there were Hafizun who knew the whole of the Qur’an by heart and spread it abroad. The method of doubly preserving the text both in writing and by memorization proved to be extremely precious.”

  1. Hazrat Abu Bakr’s Efforts

Maurice Bucaille in the same book writes: Not long after the Prophet’s death (632), his successor Abu Bakr, the first Caliph of Islam, asked Muhammad’s former head scribe, Zaid Ibn Thabit, to make a copy (of the Quraan); this he did …”

  1. Hazrat Omar’s mushaf

In the same book, Maurice Bucaille further describes: “The sources tell us that Caliph Omar, Abu Bakr’s successor in 634, subsequently made a single volume (mushaf) that he preserved and gave on his death to his daughter Hafsa, the Prophets’s widow.”

  1. Hazrat Usmaan’s Authentic Copies Of The Quraan

“The third Caliph of Islam, Uthman, who held the caliphate from 644 to 655, entrusted a commission of experts with the preparation of the great recession that bears his name. It checked the authenticity of the document …The commission consulted Muslims who knew the text by heart. The critical analysis of the authenticity of the text was carried out very rigorously…The result is a text containing an order of suras that reflects the order followed by the Prophet in his complete recital of the Qur’an… (Maurice Bucaille, p.131)

One might perhaps ponder the motives that led the first three Caliphs, especially Uthman, to commission collections and recessions of the text. The reasons are in fact very simple: Islam’s expansion in the very first decades following Muhammad’s death was very rapid indeed and it happened among peoples whose native language was not Arabic. It was absolutely necessary to ensure the spread of a text that retained its original purity: Uthman’s recession had this as its objective…Uthman sent copies of the text of the recession to the centres of the Islamic Empire and that is why, according to Professor Hamidullah, copies attributed to Uthman exist in Tashkent and Istanbul. (Maurice Bucaille, p.131)

One of his authentic copies of the Quraan, he kept in Madina (which is called “Imam” and which was exactly the same that was before him when he was martyred) has reliably been traced up to the fourth century Hijra. Then after the lapse of this century a little bit of difference is found in the historical statements regarding history of this copy of the Quraan. A 3rd century researcher, Abu Ubaida Al-Qasim bin Salaam (d. 223 H.) has written in Kitaab-ul-Qiraat that he had himself seen that copy of the Quraan. A reputed traveler, Ibn Batuta says that (in 8th century Hijra) he saw that copy of the Quraan in Basra (Iraq’s only port, lying on the Shatt al Arab in the southeast of the country). In the 10th century Hijra (in the days of Abu Timur), Abu Bakr al Shaashi had placed it on the shrine of Hazrat Abdullah. When the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic was established this very copy of the Quraan came to the Balschiwk’s hands. The information regarding this copy published in a Soveit Journal (Soviet Vase) in 1995 indicated that this very copy of Usmaan (Mashaf-i-Usmaani) was in Timur’s library, which was established in 1393 AD. in Samarkand (a city in the Uzbek S.S.R., southern central U.S.S.R. A key station on the ancient Silk Road 712 AD. and became a great centre of Islamic culture. Pillaged by Genghis Khan 1220 AD. It became prominent again from 1365 as a royal city of the Mangol ruler, Timur. The Russians conquered the city in 1868.) Then no body knows how this copy after coming out of this library came to the Mosque Khawaja Asraar in Samarkand and remained suspended in chain with a marble pillar of this mosque for centuries. When in 1868 AD. the Soviet Republic was established in Bukhara, the Russian Governor General (Wan Kalf Mohn) bought this copy and gifted to the general library in Petersburg. After the Russian Revolution in 1917 AD, by an order of the Government this copy of the Quraan, reached Ufa through the courtesy of a meeting of the Muslim representatives of the Russian Parliament. Then it was brought to Tashkend. In this Russian proclamation, it is mentioned that there are dots of blood of Hazrat Usmaan in this very copy of the Quraan and it is further said that the Russian scholars had accepted its antiquity.

(Source: Abu Mahfooz-ul-Karim Ma’ soomi: Mashafey Usmaan key T’areekhi Nuskhey (The historical copies of the Quraan of Mashaf-I-Usmaan) published in the Journal of Uloom-I-Qslamia, December 1961 printed and published by Ali Garh university)

  1. A Copy of Quraan in Madina

A copy of the Quraan was also extant in Madian. Fakhry Pasha, the governor of Turkey, along with other sacred documents took this copy to Constantinople and now (1966 AD) it is said: it is very much there.

  1. A Copy of Quraan in Damascus University

Maulan Shibly No’maani (deceased) in his writings talks of a copy of the Quraan. He writes: “He has seen this copy of the Quraan in the Damascus University (probably in 1896).”

  1. Copies of the Quraan in Fass, in Ehypt, in Koofah, in Constantinople, in London

For other copies of the Quraan, G.A. Parwez writes in his book Mazaahb-i-Aalam ki Aasmaani Kitaabein, 1989, p.142: One copy of the Quraan is in Paas; another copy is in the library of Khadair ya (Egypt), still for another it is said that the one copy, which was sent to Koofa, is in Constantinople and still for another copy of the Quraan, it is said: it is in London.

  1. Other Copies of The Quraan

Besides all the copies of the Quraan mentioned above, numerous copies of the Quraan written by the companions of the Messenger (pbuh) are found in the various libraries and museums of India, Iran, Egypt, Arabia and Turkey.

G.A.Parwez in the book Quraani Faisley Part-1, (3rd. edition), March 1992,(pp.245.) has mentioned that “at the eve of transference of Caliphate to Turkey the sacreds handed over to Sultan Saleem-1 included one copy of the Quraan written by Hazrat Usmaan, one of Hazrat Ali written in his own hand, one of Hazrat Zain ul Aabedeen written by his own hand are still there in Turkey. And one copy in Hazrat Ali’s hand along with his signature is there in Mash-had; one of each of Hazrat Thabit’s hand, of Hazrat Usmaan’s, of Hazrat Ali’s, of Hazrat Imam Hasan’s and of Hazrat Sajjad’s hand are extant in the museum-archeological section of Iran.”

  1. Witness of Other Copies Of The Quraan Even In Pakistan

“Tolu” an Urdu monthly of the USSR, published from Karachi (Pakistan) has provided information about Hazarat Usmaan’s copy of the Quraan known as Mashaf-i-Usmaani in its January 1974 issue. It says that the photocopies of the well-known copy of Hazrat Usmaan’s Quraan are also present in the library (of Moscow). It is in Koofi Script. It was written during the reign of Hazrat Usmaan, the third caliph, in the 6th decade of the first century Hijrah.

In the daily Dawn Karachi of March 14, 1976 newspaper, H. A. Hamid writes about this photocopy that this copy of the Quraan, written in old Koofi script is the one which the third caliph, (Hazrat Usmaan) had sent to Egypt and them it came to Baghdad. Later on Hazrat Shaikh Abu Kakr Muhammad Bin Ali Al Qeeqal al Sha Shoma, the most respect worthy among the inhabitants of Baghdad, sent it to Tashkend as a gift. At the eve of Hazrat Usmaan’s martyrdom, this copy of the Quraan was under his recitation. When (late) Field Marshall Ayub Khan went to Russia, (in 1965) this copy of the Quraan was gifted to him. Now this copy of the Quraan is extant in the National Library, Karachi.

  1. Elision of Some Allegations/Misunderstandings

There is a misunderstanding that there are differences in the recitation of the Quraan. It is nothing but one of the numerous conspiracies against the Quraan. This misunderstanding was created only to inculcate the element of doubt among the Muslims that the Quraan has been abrogated. Many researches were carried out on this touchy issue of the matter. Even the Non-Muslim scholars have made rigorous researches and have come out with the conclusion that the Quraan is unabrogated and there is no alteration or change or modification or addition of even a single word. A renowned scholar, Hortwig Hirschfeld, in his book New Researches into the Composition and Exegesis of the Quraan writes that the contemporary critics agree to this fact that the present copies of the Quraan are exactly the reprints of the original and genuine copy which (Hazrat) Zaid had written. And the textual contents of the Quraan are exactly the same that Muhammad (pbuh) had handed over (in writing). Even a prejudice writer like William Meur, in his book Life of Mohammed writes: It is a stark fact that the Quraan in whatsoever form and format is extant today with us had exactly been composed and compiled in the life of (Hazrat) Muhammad.

A few years back, under the supervision of Sir John Himarton, Universal Encyclopedia was published in 11 volumes. It included an article on the topic of “Quraan”. It was written in this article that this Book was revealed to Muhammad (pbuh), the Messenger, during the last 23 years of his life in Mecca and Madina; and unlike Hadith, this collection of the Messenger (pbuh) is a Divine Message as per the belief of the Muslims. The Quraan, during the very life history of the Messenger (pbuh) under his supervision was brought in written form and his companions had committed it to their memory. And this is a continuous usual routine balking till to date. Hence tens of thousands of Muslims are Quraan-conners and without any inkling of error it can be repeated entirely. This Book (the Quraan) proclaims that it contains all the facts of all the previous Divine Books and that this is the last, unchangeable Divine Book. It also assets that this is the only perfect comprehensive code of action for the humanity and is the last exposition of Islam, the natural code of life. Its writing is acknowledged to be UNABROGATED.

There is still another misunderstanding usually ascribed to the Shiites that the Quraan is abrogated: changes have been incorporated in it. But some of the scholars of the Shiites pronounce this stark fact that no changes of any sort were brought in the Quraan. An example of a renowned scholar of Shiites can very safely be given. It is Mohammed Hussain al Kashif al ghata. He has written a book “Asbus Shia wa Usoola ba”. Its Urdu translation Aslo Usool-i-Shia was published by Raza Kar Book Depot, Lahore. In this Urdu translation he says that the Book (The Quraan) in the hands of the Muslims today is exactly the same Book of instruction which the Sustainer of the world had revealed miraculously and had imparted the teachings of the injunctions of Deen. No change has reeked in it. The Muslims accepting any kind of abrogation in the Quraan are at fault because it uproots the very commanding rationale of the Quraan: “We are the revealer and preserver of this Quraan (15: 9).”  (Aslo Usool-I-Shia, p. 63).

  1. Maurice Bucaille’s Verdict

Maurice Bucaille, in his book The Bible, The Qur’an and Science profusely writes that: “ It (The Quraan) was written down at the time of the Prophet (p.126); The Qur’an (is) a book of written Revelation (p.127); As the Revelation progressed, the Prophet and the believers following him recited the text by heart and it was also written down by the scribes in his following (p.127); Long before the Prophet left Makka for Madina the Qur’anic text so far revealed had been written down (p.128); The Qur’an itself therefore provides indications as to the fact that it was set down in writing at the time of the Prophet. It is a known fact that there were several scribes in his following, the most famous of whom, Zaid Ibn Thabit, has left his name to posterity (p.129).”

This verdict of this scholar proves beyond any shadow of doubt and confusion that the Quraan extant today is exactly the same which the Messenger, Mohammed (pbuh) had handed over to his Ummah. The other scholars like Dr. Mohammed Hameedullah in his book Ilmul Quraan, Rahmatullah Tarique in his article Rabt-e-Ayaat, Major Sardar Khan Aurak Zai in his article Kitaab-o-Sunnat Fiqa Aur Ijtehad-1published in monthly Saut-ul-Haque, August 2001 (p.9) and monthly Saut-ul-Haque, July 2001 (p.26) respectively and G.A.Parwez Quraani Faisley Part-1, (3rd. edition), March 1992, (pp.245-46) do corroborate exactly the same phenomena.

This all reflects a clear proof of the fact that The Quraan, the one, the Muslims have all over the world is THE LAST, THE COMPLETE AND THE UNABROGATED BOOK that have survived the test of TIME for the guidance of the humanity.

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