Exposition of the Holy Quran – 21 Surah Al-Anbiya’ (G A Parwez)
Surah 21: Al-Anbiya’
(1) The day of reckoning of the consequences of whatever these people have been doing has come close and yet, besotted in their oblivious slumber, they continue on the erroneous path.
(2) They never took seriously any code of laws, which came to them for the first time from their Rabb. Rather, they listened to it with dalliance (26:5).
(3) They appear to pay full attention but their hearts are preoccupied with trifles. In fact, among them are those who, insisting on doing wrong, hold clandestine meetings during the night (on how to suppress this voice). They tell people, “Look! He is just an ordinary man like you. Do you go to him to listen to his own false talk? Why do you yield to his enchantment with your eyes open?”
(4) He (their Rasool) tells them, “Whatever I present before you is (revealed to me) from my Rabb who knows each and everything in the universe. He is all-hearing, all-knowing.”
(5) But they tell the people, “These confused thoughts of the Rasool are his own and appear to him as wahi in his dreams.” (Some of them go even further and say) “This person purposely invents these accounts and then attributes them to Allah.” Some say, “No, he is just a poet (who interprets his own exultation as revelation from God). If he really is the messenger, why does he not show us some miracle?”
(6) There is nothing new about these pretexts and pretensions. All nations which were destroyed earlier, were similarly stubborn and arrogant. Even when destruction and doom almost reached their doorsteps, they did not profess eiman. (Therefore, no matter what logic or arguments you present before them and how repeatedly you caution them about the grievous consequences) They are not going to express eiman. (Their downfall shall come in the same way as it did in the past for people like them.)
(7) (As for their contention that this Rasool is just an ordinary man like them, you should tell them) All messengers We sent earlier were also men. If you do not believe this, you can verify it from the followers of earlier divine books (12:109, 16:43).
(8) Neither did We make their bodies in a way that they would not require any food, nor were they immortal. (Therefore, the very concept that a rasool ought to be someone supernatural and distant from ordinary men is wrong.)
(9) (All rusul were human beings and through them) We proved that our promises were true; for, in accordance with Our Law of Mashiyya (Allah’s plan), We saved those who accepted the divine guidance and destroyed those who rebelled and transgressed beyond bounds.
(10) (Tell them) “According to this programme, We have now revealed to you this code of laws in which lies the secret of your own dignity and magnificence. If only you apply reason and intellect to understand this reality, it will become clear to you that this code of laws is given to you for your own exaltation and eminence. Allah has no personal motives behind it (21:24, 23:70, 43:43-44).
(11) (If you shape your lifestyle in accordance with this code, you will attain heights of dignity, elegance and greatness.) But, if you turn away, you too will be destroyed like the inequitable nations (before you). Thereafter, we raised other nations in their stead.
(12) (The effects of their wrong actions were accumulating without their realizing it.)
Although they were cautioned to leave the wrong path, they did not pay any heed to this warning. Thus the imperceptible effects accumulated slowly and finally confronted them. Then they tried to flee (7:182, 16:26).
(13) (But at that time they could not escape. Our Law of Mukafat called them and said) “Where can you run away now? Do not try to flee. Return to all that which gave you so much intoxicating pleasure. Come back to your palaces (where you considered yourselves to be so safe) so that you may be asked to account for the labour that went into all this and about what right you had over it (102:8).
(14) At that time they could not but accept that they were zalimeen. They were sorry and ashamed of themselves.
(15) (But just feeling sorry is of no use. When one is confronted with the outcome of one’s deeds, nothing can be reversed.) Thus, they continued to cry and lament the wrongs they had done and were extremely ashamed. However, Our Law of Mukafat turned them into a mowed-down field in which nothing could grow (like an extinguished flame devoid of any life -36:28).
(16) (They thought that) We have created this heaven and earth and all that is in between (the universe) just for fun, an idle play. No, not at all! We have created all this for a great purpose. And the purpose is that no work would be done without producing a result, whether it involves a person or a nation. All actions will continue to produce very precise results (11:71, 45:22, 53:31).
(17) If We had willed it to make this universe idle play without any purpose, We Ourselves could have made it that way. But We did not make it so.
(18) (We have made it such that there is a constant struggle between creative and destructive forces. The constructive forces of truth continue to overcome the destructive forces of falsehood, until such time that the latter have been crushed completely. This, in fact, is Our cosmic programme. On the other hand,) everything you say about creation being specifically purposeless, and about there being no system which can hold everyone accountable for his actions, or which ensures that wrong actions produce deadly results, is absolutely wrong. This attitude is regrettable and liable to cause utter ruin.
(19) Whatever exists in the universe is actively accomplishing His destined programme. The heavenly forces neither dare to disobey His divine laws nor can they become tired of discharging their duties.
(20) They are assiduously busy and never flag, day and night, in accomplishing the destined programme.
(21) (These people also accept that the universe has been created by Allah and is in operation according to His laws – 23:84-85, 29:60-62, 31:25, 39:38, 43:9). However, they are not ready to admit that their own socio-economic system and life should also be subordinated to His laws.) They carve separate deities for their earthly affairs and believe that they should progress and flourish accordingly. (In short, they profess that there should be two different ilahs (gods); one for the outer universe, the other for life on earth. God should rule the physical world and earth should be ruled by man. What a terrible mistake they are making!)
(22) If there had been a sovereign other than Allah (meaning that divine laws were in force in one sphere while laws by other authorities were being obeyed in another) the entire system of the universe would have run into chaos. Allah, Who is the supreme authority, has kept the central control of the universal Nizam-e-Rabubiyya in His own hands. He is far above what human beings may devise about Him in their own minds (6:3, 16:51, 39:67, 43:84).
(23) The most distinctive feature of His sovereignty(1) is that no one can ask Him His reasons for creating the universe as He has; or why such laws are being enforced. (This means that sovereignty in the universe rests with Allah alone). On the other hand, everyone else can be questioned about their reasons for devising different codes of life for themselves.
(24) (In spite of such sound arguments) These people have chosen other rulers instead of Him. Ask them to produce arguments in support of their stand. (They will certainly be unable to bring any argument in their support – 23:117.)
Tell them, “My people are with me for the manifesto which I present; as was the case of other people (anbiya and their companions) before me. This is a source of exaltation for these people, just as it was for those before them. These opponents do not know the facts and are therefore avoiding this manifesto which is based on truth and reality. (They are either doing so under the influence of their emotions or they are simply following their ancestors blindly.)
(25) (This system has been in place from the very beginning.) Accordingly, We have never sent any rasool before you, without our wahi that sovereignty in the universe lies with Allah alone and nobody else. Thus you should obey only Him (and the same is the case with the present wahi).
(26) They are so ignorant that they also entertain the belief that Ar-Rahman has begotten a son. He is beyond such a
phenomenon and those whom they regard as His offspring are only His honoured and obedient servants.
(27) Such is their obedience that they do not go beyond Him in any matter. They only go to the extent to which they are ordained and commanded to.
(28) (This is not the case in which their outward behaviour does not reflect the different views which they hold inside their hearts.) Allah is fully aware of their circumstances and conditions with regard to their past (and present), as well as the future. Nobody, except those whose actions are in conformity with the divine laws, enjoys His corroboration and support. They are in fact afraid of the consequences of defying divine laws (6:15).
(29) (None of them can claim that he is also an ilaha god – 3:78) If any one of them ever claims that besides Him, he is also an ilah (that he also wields the same authority as that of Allah), then We will send him to jahannam, in the same way we requite other zalimeen.
(30) (Out of their sheer ignorance some people take natural phenomena as deities or divinities. This is despite the fact that the entire continuum of the universe has been created by Allah and remains fervently in action according to His given programme. At present, various phenomena in the universe appear to them as functioning separately from one another, but) Do they not seriously understand that in the initial stages of creation all of them were one mass which We then parted, so that the various celestial bodies started floating in their own orbits (21:33, 36:40). (Take for example the planet earth. In its initial stages it separated from the original mass, just like a stone thrown out from a catapult – 79:30.) Later (when the earth became ready to produce living things) We started life from water. (All living things are created from a mixture of water – 24:45. And over this fountain of life Allah has kept His own control – 11:7.)
It is strange that even after this detailed explanation, they do not believe that only Allah wields absolute sovereignty over everything in the universe.
(31) And We have made the earth such that even as it continuously revolves, people live on it undisturbed (16:15). Furthermore, on it we made firm mountains (which function like water reservoirs and hold minerals for your use), and valleys and ravines which are used as passageways.
(32) And over the earth We created an atmosphere which is safe in itself and which keeps the inhabitants protected (from the destruction caused from above). These are all visible signs (pointing to the reality that all physical things are working under divine laws; and that no one else has any power or authority over them). In spite of this, people insist on turning away from these facts.
(33) It is Allah Who has made night and day follow each other (due to the revolution of the earth) and created the sun and the moon, each one floating through space in its own orbit.
(34) The truth of Our laws can be understood and appreciated by observing these universal signs. However, these people still insist that the rasool must produce signs which are different from natural phenomena, to show that he is someone supernatural. Tell them the rusul are also like other human beings; they eat and drink and then pass away. Even before you, We did not create any human being who would live forever. Just as you have to die one day, they too are not going to live forever!
(35) Every living being in the world has to die. (As regards this worldly life and its vicissitudes) All of you pass through the crucible of good or bad, so that your latent potentialities may develop accordingly. Each action of yours is subjected to Our Law of Mukafat (and you cannot run away from that).
(36) (O Rasool!) When the people who refuse to accept the truth of Our laws meet you (and because they cannot rebut any of your assertions with logical arguments) they start making fun of you and tell one another, “This is the person who speaks so contemptuously of your gods (and denies their divinity).” They make you the target of mockery for not accepting their fake deities; while they themselves are not prepared even to listen to the name of Ar-Rahman, Who in reality is the only ilah. They totally refuse all this.
(37) (This is because) Man does not possess enough foresight, and tends to be impetuous – 17:11.) (Because the accounting of their refusal and rebellion against truth does not take place promptly, they make fun of your warnings. Tell them) “Do not be in haste; that day is not far off when these signs of Allah will appear before you as absolute reality. And you will see them with your own eyes.”
(38) (We also know that) They repeatedly ask you, “If you are speaking the truth, when will that promised threat of devastation come?”
(39) If the people who are insisting on denying the Law of Mukafat ever understand even a little about the coming revolution, (when the fury breaks out) they will certainly realize that they cannot ward off its flames from their faces or from their backs. At that time, no one will be able to come to their rescue.
(40) The impending revolution will overtake them abruptly and dumbfound them. Neither will they have any power to divert it nor will they be given any respite (to save themselves).
(41) (The fact is that this ridicule is not something new.) Even before you many rusul had been ridiculed. But what was the result of this? Those who scoffed at them were (eventually) overpowered by the very things they ridiculed.
(42) (O Rasool, just ask them) Whether it be day or night, is there any force which can save you from the grip of Ar-Rahman? (But what reply can they give?) They have become totally unmindful of their Rabb’s Law of Mukafat.
(43) Are there some forces which will save them from Our clutches? (How can those they consider their deities shield them when the fact is that) Neither are they able to help or protect their own selves, nor do We render any protection to them. (Only those who lead their lives according to Our laws receive Our protection.)
(44) We actually provided abundantly for them and their forefathers all the necessities of life; but they became intoxicated with it. (As the ages passed they thought that no one would ever take these away from them; but) Do they ever reflect on how We gradually reduce their holdings by taking away the sources of wealth (the land) from the chieftains (13:41)? (Despite this) They believe that they would always have an upper hand and that Our system cannot overpower them.
(45) Tell them, “The warnings I convey to you about the consequences of your conduct are based on the strength of divine revelation (and not on my personal assessment or opinion). (Therefore there is no room for any doubt or error. But what can one do) When you become totally deaf and ignore the call, how can my warnings benefit you?”
(46) The punishment of the coming chastisement is so severe that even if they were to get a whiff of it, they will cry out, “Indeed we were the wrong-doers; therefore this doom was sure to come to us.”
(47) (This great punishment will not occur blindly. Nothing comes blindly from Us for) We shall set up scales of justice on the day of reckoning, and no one will be wronged in the least. Even if it (good or evil) is the weight of one mustard grain, We shall take it into account. And none can take better account than Us (99:7-8).
(48) (Such revolutions had also taken place through the previous anbiya. For example) To Moses and Aaron We revealed the code of laws which was the distinct discriminator between right and wrong. It was a source of guidance and honour for those wanting to be safe from the evil effects of life;
(49) That is for those who feared the unseen consequences of their denial of the divine law. They trembled at the very thought of the coming revolution.
(50) Now this Qur’an, which is a divine code of laws, has been revealed by Us and it stands surety to the pleasures of life. Will you reject even this?
(51) And (long before the time of Moses and Aaron) We bestowed a lot of rectitude on Abraham (which befitted his status and was necessary for accomplishing the task being assigned to him), for We were well aware of his circumstances.
(52) He asked his father and his nation, “What are these idols which you worship so fervently and for which you have become caretakers?” (Just use your commonsense and judge who is greater: you, who have carved them, or the idols?)
(53) They replied, “(We do not know anything except that) We had seen our forefathers worshiping them (so we also started doing so).”
(54) Abraham said, “You are in clear error and so were your forefathers (who bowed before the idols they carved with their own hands, thus destroying the dignity and status bestowed on mankind).”
(55) They retorted, “O Abraham! Are you really serious or are you just joking?”
(56) Abraham said, “(There is no joke in it; just think about it) Can the idols, which you carve with your own hands, ever qualify to be man’s God? It is your Rabb Who has brought the entire universe into being out of nothingness (and continues to develop it). The only proof you have to justify your claim is that your forefathers had been doing the same; but I stand witness to my own claim (and can produce whatever firm evidence you ask for. Just think about whose evidence can be more trustworthy).
(57) (You believe that these idols will destroy anyone who is even slightly insolent to them. In order to disprove this contention and also to show how helpless your deities really are) I will bring them down after you leave, and Allah is witness that I shall certainly do so. (You can then see for yourselves whether they really have any power. I will do it after you go away from this place, because if I do it in your presence you will surely stand up to defend the deities, and then deceive the people by telling them that I could do them no harm. In your absence the matter remains between me and the idols; and then it will become abundantly clear that they do not have any power, not even to defend themselves.)
(58) Hence Abraham smashed the idols into pieces, except the biggest one so that the people may turn to it. (In this way, they could be told that their biggest deity was still present, and they could question it about how all this happened in its presence. If that idol had also been broken, there would be no point for this line of reasoning.)
(59) (So when the people came to the temple and saw the condition of the idols, they exclaimed) “Who has done this to our deities? Whoever has done this is surely a zalim and out of bounds.”
(60) (The priests knew who had done this but deliberately concealed it. If they disclosed that Abraham had warned them beforehand, they themselves would be held responsible for their failure to protect the deities. However, some of the people said), “We heard a youth by the name of Abraham talking about these idols (and perhaps he is the one who has done this).”
(61) (In order to regain credibility or just to save face, the priests said) “Bring him (Abraham) here before the people, so that they may give evidence against him (that he was the youth talking against the deities).”
(62) (Abraham was called and some people identified him as the person who had spoken against the idols. The priests then assumed the position of the court, otherwise their failure to protect the idols would have been a very serious allegation against them.) They said to Abraham, “The allegation against you is that you have done this to our gods. Now what do you have to say in your defence(2)?”
(63) (If Abraham had replied simply, “Why are you behaving so innocently by asking me this? Did I not forewarn you what I was going to do to your deities?” This would surely have aroused the people’s feelings and the truth would not have
manifested itself.) Abraham said, “This may be looked into later; but for the present just reflect over it. You believe that your deities possess lots of powers to fulfill the wishes of their followers and destroy their enemies. In your opinion the powers of the biggest one are unlimited. Now all this happened in his presence. Why did he not stop the one who has done this by employing his might and saving all the other deities from destruction?”
There was complete silence at this reply. Then Abraham addressed the priests and said, “You used to tell people that these deities have knowledge of the unseen and know everything. Whenever someone comes to ask you about anything, you assure him that you will reply after asking the deities. Then you come back with a reply pretending that it was from the deities. Now if you are true in your assertion why do you not ask them directly instead of asking me about who has done this mischief unto them (37:88-98)?”
(64) (Abraham’s reply put the priests in a very awkward position.) Moving somewhat away from the crowd, they started telling each other that in fact they themselves were at fault.
(65) (On the face of it they were all convinced, but it went beyond the dignity of priesthood and their status, to accept the facts openly. Even after touching such heights of reason and logic, they fell victim to ignorance and superstition. They came back to Abraham and said) “You have raised this point just to win a debate, for you know fully well that these deities do not talk.”
(66) At this Abraham said, “How (sad and strange) it is that you have left Allah aside and have willingly made these idols for worship, when they can neither do you any good, nor bring any harm.
(67) “Fie on you and those you worship other than Allah. Will you not use any reason at all?”
(68) They had nothing to discuss with Abraham, except that which any group of doubters always does in such situations. They (instigated the masses and) said, “If you have any courage you should get up and burn this person alive and thereby openly uphold your deities!”
(69) Thus while they were busy flaming the fire of revenge, We were planning a way to cool down its flames so that no harm would come to Abraham.
(70) We rendered ineffective the strategy they had planned against Abraham, and thus they were unsuccessful in their plan (29:24, 37:98).
(71) We saved Abraham and Lot (his companion) from the nefarious designs of these people and guided them towards the land which We had made blissful and peaceful for all humanity (29:24, 37:98). (Thus by migrating from one place to another, the rusul of Allah kept themselves safe from the evil and harmful planning of their enemies.)
(72) (Abraham then started a new life in the green and fertile land of Syria; and he was successful in his mission.) There We blessed him with (a son) Isaac and, in addition to that, (a grandson) Jacob, both of whom were gifted with the best of righteous qualities.
(73) And We bestowed upon them the leadership of their people who, according to Our laws were guided to the right path. We revealed to them laws through which they could establish the system of Sala and Zaka; and for the benefit of their people actively partake in constructive deeds. All of them obeyed Our laws and commands.
(74) (Lot had also migrated with Abraham. At that time, he was like other momineen, but later) We bestowed upon him the knowledge and wisdom of a nabi, according to which he could decide the affairs of his people. As people of his community were lewd and did abominable deeds, We (destroyed that habitation and) took Lot to another safe place.
(75) We blessed him with Our grace and bounties, for he too was one of the saliheen.
(76) Similar to this is the story of Noah, whose era was earlier than that of these anbiya. He persistently called his people to come to the right path, but they continued to rebel. (When their transgression crossed all limits), Noah called Us. We responded to his call and saved him and his companions from great distress.
(77) And We helped him against those who had belied Our laws. They were really wicked people, so We drowned them one and all.
(78) Likewise (is the story of) David and Solomon. Both were busy consolidating and strengthening their state and making it prosperous for the Bani-Israel. But their people were out to destroy their land, just like a wayward herd grazing away on a shepherd’s fields without his knowledge. These people in fact never wanted to live a disciplined life; and We were watching how the two (David and Solomon) planned to discipline their community.
(79) (During David’s era not much could be done to correct these people. However) Solomon understood the situation more profoundly. (He succeeded in tightening the discipline of these people.)
We had in fact bestowed on both these anbiya the wisdom of nabuwwa and authority to govern. (Such was the extent and strength of Solomon’s empire that) We subjugated all chieftains of these tribes as well as the mighty horse-riders belonging to Tair tribe (which formed the most powerful section of his cavalry – 27:16; 34:10). All of them were united in their support for him. They were busy, day and night, performing their duties; and all this was in accordance with Our divine assignment.
(80) And We taught him how to make amour, so that by wearing it he would be safe from the enemy’s weapons (in the battlefield).
Even then you were ungrateful to him (and actively conspired to weaken the state).
(81) As for Solomon, We tamed the stormy and tempestuous sea winds so that according to his programme, he could sail his ships to the rich and fertile lands. And most certainly We do have knowledge of everything.
(82) We also made people of the large rebellious tribes subservient to him. For him they dived into the sea (and brought out pearls). They also performed various other tasks for him. And We kept watch over them (so that they would not become rebellious – 34:1, 38:37).
(83) And similarly (recall the incident when) Job (Ayyub) called out to his Rabb and said, “A painful affliction has befallen me (and in order to get rid of it I need your rahma). It is obvious that nobody would be greater than You in granting me rahmat and nourishment (38:41).”
(84) Whereupon We responded and relieved him of his misery. He was united with his companions and many others like them. All this was an act of grace from Us. In this episode also there is a lesson for those who obey Our laws.
(85) Similarly there were (anbiya like) Ishmael, Idris (Enoch) and Zul-Kifl (Ezekiel). All of them were steadfast in their missions.
(86) We bestowed Our rahma on all of them; they were all in the category of saliheen.
(87) And likewise (is the story of) Dhu-n-Noon (Jonah/Yunus), who became distressed and angry with his nation and left them (although he had not yet been commanded to migrate). (He had, however, not taken this step out of any rebellious attitude, for) He believed that since this step was not against any divine command, Allah would not question him or put him to any hardship. When he was trapped in difficulties (due to his wrong programme), he called out to Us and said, “There is no one except You who has the authority and power (to save me from this distress). My haste in taking this step without waiting for a decree from you was an act of transgression on my part; the only decision which is correct is that which comes from You (37:139, 68:48).”
(88) We responded to his call and relieved him from his distress. We similarly relieve from distress all those who have faith in the truth and firmness of Our laws.
(89) Likewise, recall the story of Zachariah when he called his Rabb and said, “O my Rabb! Do not leave me in this world without an heir; although You alone are the best of heirs (for all of us). (One’s need for an heir, however, is also evident – 3:33, 19:5 -7.)
(90) We responded to his call and cured his wife (of infertility) and bestowed on him a son, John the Baptist (Yahya).
All these anbiya aggressively pursued everything that was for the benefit of humanity, and sought guidance from Us in all walks of life, whether conditions were good or adverse. They waited for directions from Us and obeyed them, because they were aware of the dangerous consequences of taking any step against the divine laws. They were always fearful of defiance.
(91) And also remember the story of the chaste lady on whom (much against the self-made laws of the Jews) We bestowed a son (of the stature of Jesus). And just as We bestow an element of divine energy on every human offspring, thereby giving it the power and authority of choice and discretion, We bestowed the same on Jesus (3:44, 19:16, 32:9). Both of them were living examples for people, showing the marked difference between decisions made in accordance with divine laws and those taken under man-made laws. (The so-called Jewish Shariah declared them to be accursed and reprobates; whereas Allah’s Shariah made them worthy of all respect.)
(92) (O Rasool!) This was your group (of anbiya); a single community from the beginning to the end. (Their teachings and objectives were the same. We had told them all that the focal point of their teachings should be that) “I alone am your Rabb. Therefore you should only obey Me and let no one else share this position (23:52).”
(93) (It is apparent that if all anbiya were members of one community and their teachings were also the same, their followers too should also have been like one united community. However) Due to their differences they (anbiya) tore this unity to pieces; although ultimately they all have to revert to Our laws (for certainly man has no other course leading to success and prosperity).
(94) (The basic law is that) The person who is convinced of the truth of the divine laws and acts upon the beneficent programme prescribed by Him, will not only develop his own self but he will also set right and improve the impaired affairs of society. His efforts will not go waste (as they will be fully fruitful). This is because Our Law of Mukafat records and preserves everyone’s efforts and activities.
(95) On the contrary, people whose abilities stop growing are destroyed. They are then completely deprived of all the pleasures of life, and cannot return (towards prosperity – 17:58).
(96) However, there is a recourse. When mighty and aggressive nations emerge from their countries to overrun and occupy weaker nations (18:94), after a period of adjustment the latter will show signs of awakening and try to regain their lost status and position. Thus they get a new lease of life.
(97) (And tell those people that, as stated earlier,) The revolution, which will bring forth solid and constructive results, is near. Those who deny the truth of Our laws will be shocked and exclaim, “O woe unto us! How unaware we were of this impending revolution that we continued to transgress!”
(98) At that time they will be told, “You, and all the leaders you obeyed in place of the divine laws, are fuel for jahannam (the devastating and fiery chastisement). (Its flames are not fuelled from external sources. Your own misdeeds become its flames). You (yourself ignite it and then) burn in it.
(99) If these deities of yours truly had any power, then why should they (your leaders) be drawn into this devastating chastisement? Now they will remain trapped in it.
(100) Their screaming and crying will be so loud and intense that they will be unable to hear anyone.
(101) However, those who, on account of their deeds, have been adjudged worthy of a balanced way of life, will be kept far away from this chastisement.
(102) They will be so far away that, they will not even hear the faintest sound thereof (19:71). All their desires will be fulfilled and they will forever abide in that pleasant state.
(103) Even the most serious revolution will not disturb them; and all the constructive forces of the universe will be with them. They will be told that this is the era which they had been promised would come one day (27:89).
(104) In that era, We will roll up all those who are in the high echelons of society like a scroll that is rolled up after the accounts are closed. (This is because at that time they would no longer be needed. The social values and economic system would be under one control – 39:67. Equality of mankind would return once more, just as it existed in the first era of human creation. Society would revert to being as it was when all mankind was one nation and means of nourishment were freely available to everyone – 2:213, 10:19.) This is Our promise (established programme) which will be fulfilled(3).
(105) And after explaining these relevant matters, in every revealed book We had laid down the basic and fundamental law that the rightful heirs of the earth (the state, its governance and sources of wealth) shall only be the people who possess abilities in these matters and who live according to Our laws.
(106) This basic law of life has the absolute potential reality for every nation that lives according to Our laws. (This reality is that the inheritance of the earth is conditional on capability as well as obedience of the divine law.) Without these two qualities one can attain temporary superiority, but cannot have it as a rightful inheritance.
(107) (The code of divine laws according to which you become the rightful
inheritors of this earth, has now been given to the people through you; so) “O Rasool! Proclaim to all people that their correct and complete development can only be achieved through obeying these divine laws. The nation that rejects these laws will be deprived of divine blessings (9:61). Your nabuwwa shall thus become a source of real blessings (rahma) for all humanity.
(108) Proclaim that the essence of the teachings which have been revealed to you, is that real authority and power lie with Allah alone. No one besides Allah is worthy of obedience and subservience. Ask them, “Do you submit to the obedience of these laws?”
(109) If they turn away tell them, “I have warned you (about the consequences of the right or wrong way of living; it is your own discretion whether to accept it or not). (Should you not accept it) You will be destroyed. I cannot tell you when that hour of doom about which you are being warned will come; whether it will be soon or later (but it will certainly come).
(110) “(Even if you adopt a hypocritical attitude and present what you do not have in your heart, the onset of the Hour of Doom will not stop because) Allah’s Law of Mukafat is well aware of whatever you say openly and that which you conceal (in your hearts).
(111) “(And if there is some delay in its occurrence) I do not know whether a delay will add to your miseries, or whether it will give you respite to enable you to take some advantage from the provisions of life.”
(112) (The Rasool conveyed everything to the people in accordance with the divine guidance and thereafter) He said, “O my Rabb! The time has now come for You to announce the verdict (between me and these people).” Then he told his people, “Our sustainer, Our Rabb is Ar-Rahman. We implore His succour that He may grant us the complete development of our abilities, so that we are able to stand up to all that He ascribes.”
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