Category Archives: English Flipbook – Tolue Islam Trust

Exposition of the Holy Quran – 64 At-Taghaabun (G A Parwez)

Surah 64: At-Taghaabun
(The Loss and Gain)

(1) Everything in the heavens and on the earth is actively fulfilling the designated programme of Allah Almighty. He is the source of all power and hamd; and accordingly He has devised measures for everything over which He exercises full control (7:31-36: 14:1-2, 16:5-6, 18:7, 67:1-5).
(2) It is He Who gave you human form. (And the greatest quality of a human being is his capability of choice. Accordingly) Some of you are kafir and others are momin. No other creation in the universe has been given the choice to either accept or reject the divine laws, and that is why human beings are held responsible for their actions (18:29). (Although man has been given this choice, he does not have the authority to go on the wrong path and be rewarded as if he had taken the right one.) The consequences of his deeds will be compiled according to Allah’s Law of Mukafat, which sees everything.
(3) He has created this grand universe as an absolute reality. (It is not an illusion, or a meaningless dream.) He granted you a countenance, wherein He concentrated the full potential for beauty and grandeur. (In order to see that this potential is manifested, there has to be an objective standard. This standard is Allah Himself, Whose attributes are ultimate, perfect and most beautiful. You should try to imbibe His divine attributes in your own person as far as possible. That is the ultimate aim of your life in this world.)
(4) He is aware of everything that exists in the outer universe; as well as whatever happens in your inner world or becomes manifest through your deeds. He is even aware of the imperceptible thoughts which cross your minds. (Therefore it is not possible that any of your deeds will go unnoticed.)
(5) This is evident from the historical episodes of earlier nations. Whichever amongst them denied the truth of the divine laws and established their systems on false principles, had to face the consequences. They were caught in a grievous chastisement of doom and destruction.
(6) The messengers of Allah came to them with clear self-evident reasons and laws, but they contemptuously looked down upon them and said, “Do we accept the leadership of men (like us)?” (The criterion should not have been that the person conveying the message is like them. Rather, it should have been the nature of the concepts he was presenting. However, without reflecting over it and with arrogance) They rejected it, turned around and went away in a different direction. (They consequently suffered; and no harm was done to Allah.) He is beyond needing people’s assistance for the accomplishment of His programmes. He is self sufficient and worthy of all hamd.
(7) (Like their predecessors) People who deny the divine code are under the wrong impression that they possess mighty powers whereby they cannot be dislodged from their obstructive attitude towards the divine order. Tell them not to be under this false impression for they cannot be in the way of Allah’s Nizam-e-Rabubiyya. “You shall certainly be dislodged so that humanity can continue to go forward. At that time you will see the outcome of your deeds.” And it is not at all difficult for Allah to dislodge them, for this can be easily achieved according to His Law of Mukafat.
(8) (Tell them that if they want, there is still time to save their selves from this doom.) They should believe in Allah and His Rasool; that is the divine code (the Qur’an) that Allah has sent as illuminating guidance for your intellect (just like the light which the sun provides for your eyes to see). Allah’s Law of Mukafat is fully aware of everything you do.
(9) However, if you do not do this, then the final decision of this struggle will take place on the battlefield, on the day all of you will gather. That will be the day of either victory or defeat. The outcome of this clash will bring forth each group’s shortcomings which were responsible for their defeat. The shortcomings of the jama that believes in the truth of the divine laws and works according to the beneficent programme set by it, will be compensated by their righteous deeds. In this way (by overpowering their opponents) they shall establish a heavenly society. That society’s freshness shall never fade; and they will abide there forever. This obviously is a great achievement (and their position shall be the same in the life hereafter).
(10) On the other hand, those who deny the truth of this system and belie Our laws are destined for unending suffering and destruction. What an awful end to life!
(11) It should be clearly understood that everything in the universe happens according to the divine law (according to set regulations and not in a haphazard manner. This is so because) He has full knowledge of everything.
The intellect of whoever believes in the truth of these laws receives illuminating guidance, with the help of which he can understand the causes and effects of incidents that take place. (It is obvious that nations which can understand the mechanism of how these incidents take place, how to derive benefit from them, and how to safeguard themselves from their ill effects, can be successful!)
(12) (If you want to develop these qualities you have to) Obey the divine order that is being established by Allah’s Rasool. If you turn away (no harm will come to Allah or His Rasool. The loss would be yours because) The responsibility of Our Rasool is only to convey these laws to you explicitly. To work according to them is your own responsibility.
(13) (And remember that you can never attain success by turning away from these laws. The reason is that) Only Allah’s law is in force in the universe. No one else enjoys any authority or power. People who are convinced of this reality have full trust and confidence in the firmness of these laws.
(14) (O Jamat-ul-Momineen! You who are striving for the establishment of this Nizam-e-Rabubiyya, should particularly keep one thing in view. This system is based on the concept that you work hard and that after meeting the needs of your family from your earnings, you keep the rest available for mankind. If your spouses and children do not agree with this concept, then they would be in your way. And) It is likely that some of your spouses and children may become your enemies. Hence keep this in mind. If you go beyond their short-sightedness and extend the concept of universal rabubiyya beyond the four walls of your own homes, you will be able to establish a system that provides protection and means of development to all the people (including your own family).
(15) With this background your wealth and children will serve as a crucible for you, out of which you can come out either as pure gold, or as a heap of ashes. You shall become pure gold if you never forget that real and productive reward for your labour is that which you get according to the divine laws.
(You have already been told how to remove such a conflict from your domestic life. At the time of choosing a life partner you should consider that both of you should have similar views and ideologies. Also, you should train your children so that they too grow up with the same idea. Such a home will not have this conflict – 2:221.)
(16) Therefore guard the divine laws to the best of your ability. Listen carefully to the directives of the divine system and obey them. Keep your earnings open for public nourishment. Your own betterment lies in this. This will broaden your outlook and will not let the instinct to gather everything for yourself and deprive others, prevail. Man’s selfish instinct teaches him that his crop would only flourish if he waters his fields and brushes aside the needs of others. On the contrary, Our Law of Rabubiyya is that ultimately the crops of only those who give preference to other people’s needs would flourish (59:9).
(17) The law also teaches you that whatever you give for the nourishment and development of others, is in actual fact a loan that you give to Allah Almighty. If you give it for the establishment of the divine system, He will return it to you manifold. He will also protect you from possible harm.
Allah fully rewards everyone’s effort and ignores their minor shortcomings, because He is forbearing and has a broad vision.
(18) He knows all that is hidden as well as that which is manifest. He has full control over His laws; and this control is rational.

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Exposition of the Holy Quran – 46 Al-Ahqaaf (G A Parwez)

Surah 46: Al-Ahqaaf

(The Sand Dunes)

(1) Allah Almighty, Who deserves all hamd and glory, says:

(2) This divine code has been revealed by Allah, Who has power over everything in the universe. His power is not based on ruthlessness, but on rationality and wisdom.

(3) He says that We have created the heavens and the earth and all that is in between (the universe) as a reality for a limited period (the main purpose being that every action should produce appropriate results – 45:22). However, people who refuse this reality turn away when they are told that their wrong attitude will bring destruction on themselves.

(4) Ask them, “Have you ever seriously thought about those whom you invoke, instead of Allah? Have you ever given serious thought to this matter? Can you show me anything they have created out of this earth; or if they have any say in the affairs of the universe? If you can, justify your claim and in its support produce either a reference from any previous divine book or an argument based on knowledge.”

(5) (Tell them) Who else could be more misled than the one who leaves Allah aside and instead invokes deities which cannot answer his calls till the day of resurrection; and these deities are even unaware that they have been invoked.

(6) On the day when the results are manifested, they (the deities) will face them as enemies and will clearly tell them that they never asked to be worshipped.

(7) Whenever Our clear revelations are read out to those who deny the truth they say, “This is a manifest lie!”

(8) They go to the extent of saying that all this has been fabricated by him (the Rasool); and that he attributes it to Allah as His wahi. Tell them, “If I do so, then no power can save me from the calamity that Allah will inflict on me. (In fact it is because you want to pursue selfish ends that) You indulge in such frivolous talk. He is fully aware of this reality. He is witness to my claim of nabuwwa as well as to your opposition and denial. Only He provides means of protection and nourishment.”

(9)  Tell them, “I am not the first one among the rusul. Neither have I started the process of risala, nor am I telling you something new. (The institution of risala started from the very beginning and messengers have been sent to every nation. I am also one of them and am bringing the same message that was brought by earlier messengers. I am sure the just system I am presenting will ultimately overcome falsehood.) However, because of the confrontation between you and me, I can neither be certain about my ultimate result nor yours, nor is it my concern. My duty is to follow the wahi being revealed to me and to warn you about the consequences of your erroneous ways.” (The result of my efforts will appear before you at the proper time, according to the divine Law of Mukafat.)

(10) Tell those who oppose you (particularly the Jews), “Have you ever seriously pondered over the consequences of your denial, if what I present is really from Allah Almighty? It is really amazing that you are denying this (although all ambia from the Bani-Israel were giving similar messages). And about one of them, Moses, you know very well that his revolutionary message was similar to the one being given now. He had also testified to the advent of one like him(1) (73:15). Now do you consider yourself greater than your messenger who believed in this reality, so that you spurn it and take pride in your arrogance? Just think! How can people who tread the wrong path get guidance towards the right course of life?”

(11) Those (Jews) who deny the truth of the Qur’an say that if there was any good in this message, how was it possible that they did not believe it while the ummi Arabs did. (They claim that there is no field in which these people are ahead of them. Therefore it is obvious that the Qur’an does not offer anything that is intellectually high enough for them to believe. However, the fact is) Out of sheer jealousy and stubbornness these people failed to get guidance from the Qur’an. Just to save face they now say that it offered the same old lies which people have been concocting since long (54:2).

(12) (As has been mentioned before) The book revealed earlier to Moses was a code of correct guidance and a source of nourishment for human beings. (However, it did not stay in its original form.) Now this book has been sent to practically prove the claims mentioned in that earlier book. This book has been revealed in an explicit language (Arabic), so that you can warn those who have left the right course and have adopted aggressive and unjust ways. Also, you can give glad tidings to those who lead balanced and righteous lives;

(13) That is to those who believe in the reality, and stand firm on their conviction that Allah alone is their Rabb. These shall have no fear or worry whatsoever (41:30).

(14) They are destined to live a life of janna, where they shall abide as a consequence of all that they had been doing.

(15) (This blissful society will also be established in this world, where every member of the household would be an embodiment of virtue and would lead a superior human life, rising above that of animals. Even in the animal world parents look after their offspring; but when the offspring grow up they cease to recognize their parents. It was therefore emphasized upon human beings to be kind towards their parents. This is the epitome of human life and therefore there are some requirements.) We enjoined upon man to display the best of behaviour towards his parents. His mother carried him in her womb with hardship and gave birth to him in pain (and took care of him round the clock, forgetting her own rest and sleep. This was not for a day or so but) The period of bearing and weaning him takes (about) thirty months (2:233, 31:14) (2).

And when the child reaches the age of forty years, and has matured further with experience, he says, “O My Rabb, grant me the strength and inspiration to keep myself disciplined and under control, so that I can make proper use of the blessings and bounties with which you have favoured my parents and me. Thus, I can work righteously as commanded by your programme; and bring up my offspring properly so that they too can work honestly. I turn towards you in every matter and submit before every command conveyed from You.”

(16) We accept the honest efforts of members of such families and if they make a mistake, We protect them from its ill effects. These are the people of a heavenly life. Their life of comfort is a fulfilment of the promise made to them in the Qur’an. This consequence of their deeds is in accordance with the Law of Mukafat.

(17) (That was the reference to righteous offspring. On the other hand there are) Others who tell their parents, “Fie upon both of you for trying to imbibe me with faith so that I could come back to life after death; although I see that many generations have passed before me (and none of them has ever come back to life).” At times parents implore Allah’s help and pray to Him (to grant vision to their offspring so that they may come to the right path). Sometimes they warn their children, “Alas! Why are you out to destroy yourself? Have faith in the Law of Mukafat and life after death. Remember that everything the Almighty has promised is true, word by word.”  In reply they say, (we know for certain that) “All these are fables concocted by previous generations (which have successively reached you. No one is resurrected after death).”

(18) Allah’s chastisement will actually manifest itself on such disobedient people, just as it did upon generations which have passed away. There was no distinction between the civilized or uncivilized communities. Even civilized and powerful communities which erred by denying life after death perished.

(19) Remember the absolute reality that according to the Law of Mukafat everyone will get full reward for their deeds; nothing less, nothing more. Every one of them will be assigned a position in accordance with his deeds. None will be shown any favour and no one will be wronged. This is Allah’s Law of Mukafat.

(20) When people (who deny Our Law of Mukafat) confront the destruction of jahannam, they will be told, “You made enjoyment of worldly comforts and luxuries your sole aim of life. You exhausted yourself with these, and they all ended with your physical death. On the basis of this (wealth and status) and in your arrogance you glorified yourself on earth. You wanted greatness and rewards without doing any righteous deeds. That is why you chose other means and left the right path ordained by Us. Hence, today you shall be requited with humiliating suffering.

(21) (O Rasool! You should) Tell them the story of the tribe of Aad which was one amongst the nations that adopted such an attitude and way of life. We sent their brother (Hud) to them as a rasool. He was not a new messenger. Earlier, many messengers had gone to various other nations and many more came after him. (He is being mentioned at this time because in many ways your opponents are similar to that nation. Nevertheless) He had come to warn people living in the area of Ahqaf about the destructive results of their erroneous deeds. He told his nation, “Do not obey anyone except Allah Almighty. I am afraid that because of the ways you have adopted, the suffering of an awesome day will befall you.”

(22) They replied, “Have you been sent to us to turn us away from our gods? Bring the chastisement upon us (right now) if you are a man of truth! Why are you delaying it?”

(23) He said, “The knowledge about the timing and type of punishment rests with Allah alone. My duty and mission is to convey to you the message I have been entrusted with. However, I see that you are extremely ignorant and foolish. (So much so that you do not ponder over what I say, but insist upon hurrying up the chastisement about which I warn you.)

(24) (Owing to a long drought at that time they were in dire need of rain.) Thus when they saw a dense cloud approaching their valleys they exclaimed, “This cloud will bring (welcome) rain to us which will water our lands!” But that was not a rain cloud. It was a furious storm that was on its way to destroy them. This was the destruction which (so contemptuously) they had sought to hasten.

(25) In accordance with the divine law the storm uprooted everything and caused destruction everywhere. The state of that habitation became such that nothing except the ruins of their dwellings (in which the residents perished) could be seen.

This is the way We requite the ones guilty of erroneous deeds. (Tell them that their end will be similar if they too will not abandon the wrong ways.)

(26) (That was not an ordinary nation.) Unlike you, they enjoyed much power, might and strength. Moreover, they were not uncivilized or illiterate. We had endowed them with the ability to hear, see and reason, but they opposed the divine laws because of their overpowering selfishness. As such, their faculties of wisdom, intellect and reason were of no use to them (45:23) and (eventually) they were encircled by the very things they ridiculed. (When human intellect works under guidance of wahi, the results are very pleasant. However, when emotions overpower man, his intellect and wisdom are switched off, just as he loses control when he is intoxicated.)

(27) (This was not an exception for the tribe of Aad). In a similar manner We destroyed many other habitations living around you. We repeat these historical episodes time and again, so that these nations may turn back from their evil ways and adopt the right course of life.

(28) (Ask them) Why did the deities which they worshipped not help them? They had adopted the deities after leaving aside Allah, believing that these would give them high status and make them close associates of the Almighty. However, when the punishment came the deities could not be seen anywhere. In fact, their conviction was merely because of their own delusion and false assumptions. It had no reality whatsoever.

(29) (O Rasool! You should not be worried that people living in urban areas are opposing your mission. We have sent you as a messenger for the entire humanity – 34:28. It includes all categories of people – urban, rural, civilized, uncivilized, and nomads. The rural people and nomads are getting your attention. You will recall that) Once We sent you a group of nomads from the desert, so that they could listen to the Qur’an (72:1). When they came to the place where the Qur’an was being explained, they asked each other to listen to it quietly. When the explanation was over they went back to their community and warned them about the consequences of their wrong-doings.

(30) They went back to their people and told them, “O our people. We have just listened to a book revealed (upon Muhammad) after Moses. It reaffirms what has been revealed earlier in the book of Moses. It guides human beings towards the truth and the straight path leading to their destination.

(31) “O our people! You should accept the call of this Messenger of Allah. You should profess eiman on Allah, as he says. Allah will protect you from the adverse effects of your mistakes and save you from painful suffering.

(32) “Remember! Whoever rejects His call will find that no power on earth can defeat His law. (Therefore he is bound to suffer.) Nobody can protect him or help him except Allah. People who do not accept His call are lost in manifest error.”

(33) (The matter was understood by this rural tribe. However, why is it that members of the Quraish who are the most cultured tribe of Makkah, do not understand this?) Have they never pondered that Allah was not tired(3) by the effort of creating the heavens and the earth; and that He is capable of giving life to the dead (50:15)? Yes, most certainly He has the power to do that. He has set measures and determined unchangeable laws for everything. He has full control over everything (and it is according to these laws that the dead can come to life).

(34) When these people who reject the divine laws are brought within sight of the fire of jahanam, they will be asked, “Now! Is all that you were told true or not?” They will say, “Yes and our Rabb is a witness testifying all that has come before us as reality.” They will be told, “Then taste the suffering which you rejected!”

(35) (Nevertheless, O Rasool! Do not worry about their opposition but) Remain firm and steadfast on your programme, as was done by other rusul who had great courage and firmness of heart. And do not ask for a speedy end for them (as the period of respite is not long). On that day they will see the chastisement which has been promised to them; and they will feel that the period of respite was no longer than just an hour of the day.

You should convey Our message to them. Only those who go astray from the right path will perish. Those who do not, will not face destruction. Therefore, if they want to save themselves they should follow the path suggested by God.


(1)          The Torah (Deuteronomy XVIII, Verses 15 and 18) has testimony of Moses. In it God told him, “I will send a nabi like you from amongst their brothers.”

(2)          For legal purposes, the Holy Qur’an has fixed a period of two years for lactation (2:233, 31:14). This does not mean that the baby must be weaned at the age of two years and not earlier. As regards pregnancy, the period is usually nine months, although it could be more or less. During the first two to three months, the pregnancy is light. It becomes heavy and more difficult after that (7:189). Accordingly, the six months of heavy pregnancy and two years of lactation make up the thirty month period.

(3)          This contradicts the assertion in the Bible that God created the universe in six days and rested on the seventh day because He was tired.

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Exposition of the Holy Quran – 29 Surah Al-Ankaboot (G A Parwez)

Surah 29: Al-Ankaboot
(The Spider)

(1) Allah the all-knowing, the all-wise, says:
(2) (The clash between kufr and eiman has reached a stage where both groups have to be cautioned about the end result of their way of life. Take the first group, who accept the truth of Our laws.) Do they believe that merely by saying that they profess eiman in Allah, they will be left to themselves to do whatever they like? (If they are under such an impression, then) Tell them that they are wrong. (This is the belief in Christianity as practised today, that if one believes in the atonement of Christ, he would be saved; there is no need to do any work – 2:214, 3:141, 9:16, 33:10.)
(3) Even the earlier generations, who accepted the truth of Our laws, were not left free after their verbal admission. They were also put through a very serious struggle between good and evil, so that it would become evident as to who amongst them was true to his faith, and who was just making verbal claims without supporting them with deeds. (Tell them that success will come out of continuous struggle and for that tremendous sacrifice is required.)
(4) On the other hand, there are the people who create disorder and chaos in society by belying Our laws. They are under the false impression that they will escape Our grip. If they believe so then (tell them that) their belief is very wrong (and is based on self deception).
(5) From amongst the first group, consider those who are convinced that they have to eventually face the Law of Mukafat and that they are answerable to Allah Almighty for every action of theirs.
Tell them, that the day for which they are undergoing all the hardship is bound to come because it is so decreed by Allah, who is all-seeing, all-knowing.
(6) Also tell them that all they are striving for is but for their own good. It does not serve any purpose to Allah. Allah does not need anything in the entire universe and therefore He does not require human beings to do anything for Him.
(7) Because they are convinced of the truth of Our laws and do righteous deeds, they will be able to remove chaos from their personalities and from the society. And they shall be rewarded in the best way.
(8) (This is the basis on which the two groups are classified. There is no criterion of any caste, colour, creed or relationship. The closest relationship is that of parents and in this respect too) We have enjoined upon mankind to be kind and courteous to them; but if they try to force you to ascribe partners to Me then do not obey them, for such an attitude is based on sheer ignorance. The fact is that there is none in the entire universe who can share any authority with Allah (81:14-15). You are answerable to Allah for everything and only He will tell you the result of what you have done.
(9) We will admit all those people, who believe in divine laws without ascribing any partner to them and who do righteous deeds, to the category of those whose human abilities have been fully developed.
(10) Yet, there is another group which verbally professes that they believe in God but if they face suffering during the course of establishing the divine order, they consider persecution at the hands of opponents to be a chastisement from Allah. However, when they are victorious and successful (due to your Rabb) they say, “Behold! We have always been with you, in heart and soul.” (However, people who talk in such a deceitful manner) Don’t they know that the Almighty is fully aware of what is hidden in the hearts of all the people?
(11) (And how long can they keep their deceit hidden?) The moment they are faced with a difficult situation, reality will come to the surface as to who the true believers and who the hypocrites are.
(12) Those who oppose the divine order, say to the Momineen, “If you follow our way of life, we shall undertake the full responsibility for your shortcomings or omissions.” They are liars, for they will never take the responsibility of such omissions upon themselves.
(13) (How can they shoulder the burden of others?) The situation is that they are bearing their own burden, as well as some burden of those whom they have misled (16:25). Let the Day of Judgment come and most certainly they will be asked to account for their false assertions which they had used to mislead people.
(14) (However, there is nothing strange in what they are saying. Consider the history of the struggle between good and evil, starting from the times long gone. Firstly, you will notice that) We sent forth Noah unto his people and his era lasted for a period of nine hundred and fifty years (followed by the period of Abraham).(1) (His people opposed him strongly and) The result was that the deluge overtook them as indeed they were the zalimeen.
(15) They all drowned and We saved Noah and his companions who had boarded the ark with him. In this episode there are signs regarding the truth of the Law of

Mukafat, for all nations of the world. (It tells about the fate of people who are committed to aggression and are rebellious.)
(16) Likewise (is the story of) Abraham. He said to his people, “Obey the divine laws, and save yourselves from the destructive effects of disobeying them. If you use your intellect and reason, you will realize that whatever I am calling you to is by far the best for you.
(17) “Leaving aside Allah, you worship idols. (What a disgrace it is for human dignity that anyone should take as god a statue carved by his own hands.) Furthermore, you concoct stories about them (and spread them among your followers). However, it is a fact that these idols which you take as your gods, besides Allah, are not at all in a position to provide sustenance to you. (Instead of asking these idols) Seek sustenance according to the divine laws and keep obeying them. And (when you get sustenance according to these laws) you should be grateful to Him (who has saved you from the disgrace which befalls anyone who prostrates himself before idols).
“Remember that the results of all human actions are produced only according to the divine laws. Nothing in the universe is outside their control and every step of yours takes you towards Him; and you are answerable only to Him.
(18) “If you belie me, it is not because whatever you say or do is based on wisdom and that whatever I say is wrong! In fact you are doing it merely because you are following your ancestors. That is, because the nations before you had adopted this attitude, and you follow them as well. But I cannot be afraid of your opposition to me and give up my mission to convey the truth to you. It is the very duty of a rasool to clearly convey the divine laws to the people.
(19) “(I am only saying that complete authority and power rests with the Almighty and nobody else. Leaving aside the path of ancestors) If you ponder rationally, you will realize how Allah initiates the creation of anything (imagine its earliest form) and how, by passing it through various evolutionary stages, He brings it forth (until such time it reaches its destined form). All this happens so easily according to the divine laws”.
(20) (Then We asked Abraham to) Tell these people (if they still do not agree with you) to go out and see the world themselves and see how the creation of various things initially takes place; and then how (according to Allah’s Law of Rabubiyya) they take new and different life forms. All this happens according to set measures established by Allah.
(21) (This very law of development also governs human life. The difference is that all other things in the universe have no choice, whereas man is given full discretion. He is free to choose either the constructive way, or the one leading to destruction.) Therefore, whoever wants to develop his abilities, can do so by following the divine laws. As for the one who does not wish to do so and adopts an erroneous way of life, his abilities are wasted and he thus deprives himself of all the pleasant things of life.
All this happens according to divine Law of Mukafat, towards which you revert anyway. There is no escape from it.
(22) You can neither escape the divine laws, nor can you defeat these laws anywhere in the universe. You have none except Him who can protect you or bring any succour to you.
(23) These people who neither believe in Our law of development, nor expect they would ever face Our Law of Mukafat (and keep on doing whatever they like), are the ones who will be deprived of all the means of development. These can only be obtained by following the way of life ordained by Us. The resultant effect of such an attitude is that all their abilities are destroyed and grievous suffering is their end.
(24) (Abraham painstakingly explained all this to his nation but) The only reaction from his people was a call to arrest him, kill him or burn him alive.
(Such is normally the reply to wisdom and rationale from people who are intoxicated with power and) This was not an empty threat from them. They actually wanted to carry it out but We kept (Abraham) safe from the fire of their revenge (21:68, 37:96-97). In this episode too there are lessons for those who have faith in the truth of Our law.
(25) Abraham also told them, “You have chosen to worship idols instead of Allah, not because you actually consider them as your deities, for in reality you know the facts. In spite of all this, the only reason you keep on clinging to them is because this attitude of reverence unites your nation. This is the only bond between your people, and your worldly benefits are due to this bond.
But when the results of your erroneous way of life will confront you, you will oppose one another and this unity will break. At that time, you will have none to succour you; and far worse than the fire in which you wanted to throw me, will be the fire which will destroy you completely.”
(26) (In spite of Abraham’s warnings, it was only Lot who believed him. At that time Abraham had not been bestowed with nabuwwa.) When Abraham was fully convinced that these people were not going to listen to him, he moved aside and left them saying, “I am going in search of that
place where circumstances are favourable for the establishment of the divine order ordained by my Rabb. He alone is Almighty and truly wise.” (If the circumstances here are not conducive to my supremacy, logic tells me to move to another place which is better suited. My mission is to establish the divine order. If this piece of land is not suitable, let me find another – 37:99.)
(27) (Consequently, he left his people and went to a place where he established a divine order as per Allah’s laws. There) We bestowed upon him (a son) Isaac and (a grandson) Jacob, and assured him of the continuance of nabuwwa and authority in his progeny (4:54).
And thus We rewarded him for his efforts in this world; and in the life hereafter he is counted among the righteous ones. In this way, both his present and future became pleasant.
(28) Likewise is the story of Lot who (after nabuwwa was bestowed on him) told his people, “Verily you commit abomination of the kind that has never been committed before in the world.
(29) “Such is your condition that you go to men [for sexual satisfaction, and not to women (7:80-81)]. In this way, you cut across the way (which nature has provided for procreation(2)). Moreover, you commit these shameful acts in your (open) assemblies.”
His nation had no reply to his admonitions, except to say, “If you are telling the truth that due to these actions of ours we will be punished, then bring that punishment upon us.”
(30) Thereafter, Lot prayed to his Rabb, “O my Rabb! Help me against these people, who are mufsideen.”
(31) (Another link of this episode is when) Our messengers came to Abraham with the glad tiding (of the birth of his son),

they also told him, “Behold! We are about to destroy Lot’s city as the people have become extremely wicked (zalimeen).”
(32) (Abraham exclaimed) “But Lot also lives there!” (Will you also destroy him along with the other inhabitants?) They answered, “We know full well who lives there. We shall certainly save him and his companions by taking them away, except for his wife, as she indeed is with the rebellious ones.”
(33) When Our messengers came to Lot, he was worried, considering the bad habits of his nation, about the treatment they could be given). But they said, “Have no fear or grief. We shall certainly save you and your followers by taking you away, except for your wife as she will indeed be among those who stay behind.
(34) “Verily, we shall bring down upon the people of this land, a horror from the skies. (This will be according to Allah’s Law of Mukafat, for they are gravely on the wrong path.)”
(35) (This nation was destroyed.) Also in this episode, We have left clear signs of the working of Allah’s Law of Mukafat for people who use their wisdom and think.
(36) (And likewise) We sent Shuaib (Jethro), who was one of their brethren, to the people of Midian. Shuaib said to them, “O my people, obey the divine laws (and do not consider this worldly wealth, which you keep on collecting by fair and foul means) as the sole purpose of life. Also desire the pleasant things of life in the hereafter; and for that do not create economic chaos in the society.”
(37) But they belied him and thereupon an earthquake struck them (and they lay lifeless in their homes.)
(38) And the tribes of Aad and Thamud were also similarly destroyed. The tales of their destruction are clear from the remains of their habitations. Their rebellious attitude made their evil deeds look attractive to them and thus barred them from the straight path. They did not go astray out of ignorance, for they were very well endowed with the ability to perceive the truth. (The problem is that when human beings are overcome by emotions, their wisdom and the ability to think is cut off. It is only the limits set by wahi that control human emotions from going astray. Intellect alone cannot achieve this. There are many nations who are marching towards their destruction in spite of having reached the peaks of knowledge and wisdom; and they are taking the rest of the world with them. This is exactly the situation which needs wahi.)
(39) Likewise are the stories of Qaroon (Korah), Pharaoh and Haman (who were the symbols of capitalism, dictatorship and priesthood, respectively, all of which destroyed the very roots of human dignity.) We sent Moses with clear, visible and convincing laws towards them, but they did not give up the arrogance and oppression which they had so widely spread in their country. However, in spite of their wealth, might and hordes, they could not escape the grip of Our Law of Mukafat. It eventually caught up with them.
(40) The synopsis of all this is that because of their crimes, We took all these previous nations to task. Upon some We showered stones (from volcanoes); some were seized by an earthquake; some We buried under the earth and some We drowned in the sea. It was not Allah who committed any zulm on them but their own deeds brought on their destruction.
(41) (They possessed plenty of wealth and equipment, but their power and strength was used to suppress the weak instead of helping and protecting them.) The condition of those who seek protection under man-made laws, instead of laws ordained by Allah, is like that of a spider which makes a web for itself and then traps those weaker than itself in it. However, when someone stronger comes along, its house is the most fragile.
Alas! We wish they knew that the power of any person (nation) who accepts the supremacy of anything other than Allah and who spends his life according to self-made ideologies in lieu of divine laws is no stronger than that of a cobweb.
(42) Allah Almighty knows the worth of the other law or authority which all those people accept, as compared to His laws. (When there is a clash between the two, then Allah’s law prevails. At times this happens merely by use of power and sometimes due to wise planning, because He alone is Almighty and truly wise.)
(43) We propound these parables for the people, but only those who use their knowledge and wisdom can understand them.
(44) (The one who uses his knowledge and wisdom, can clearly understand the fact that) Allah has created the heavens and the earth as an absolute reality with a definite purpose (not just as a plaything without any objective – 3:189-191).
For people who trust this fact, there are clear signs for them to reach the correct way of life. (Given the fact that the creation of the universe is not without purpose, they can deduce how human life without purpose would be. The human caravan also has a destination, and life on earth is the first stage of a long journey – 45:22; 53:31).
(45) (There are sets of divine laws or laws of nature, which are prevalent in the outer world. Others are revealed through wahi, and these provide guidance to mankind.)
(O Rasool!) Convey to the people the laws which have been revealed to you through wahi, and establish the Nizam-us-Sala accordingly. This system will certainly stop people from collecting everything for themselves, and from not caring about the welfare of others. And to further this selfish purpose their intellect keeps on suggesting various strange and crafty ways to them (70:21-27).
This system of sala can only be established when the supreme authority in human society is vested in the divine laws. And Allah Almighty knows full well what your self-made laws and systems can do.
(46) A big hurdle towards establishing the system will be the followers of earlier revealed books. They believe that since they already possess the revealed book, there is no need to follow another code or system (even if the revealed book they have is not in its original form, having gone through a lot of change). It is therefore advisable not to indulge in any argument with them but to discuss these matters in a very polite and kindly manner. However, those who are bent on open defiance have to be treated differently. Tell them, “Whatever your anbiya received from God (and which is not with you in its original form – 2:79), is now all contained in the Qur’an, together with something more. Thus, when we profess belief in the Qur’an, we also believe in the wahi that was given to you. You should also do likewise and proclaim with us that the absolute truth, authority and obedience is only for the One who is your and our Allah; and that this revealed code is from Him. Therefore it is to Him that we submit.”
(47) In any case this is the manner in which We have revealed the book to you. (In other words it validates and subsumes the true teaching of previous books – 5:48, and since it is the last of Allah’s books, the divine guidance has been completed with necessary additions.) So if all those (people of the book) consider this fact seriously, they will believe its truth. Besides them, some of the mushrikeen of Arabia will also profess eiman on it. The fact is that whoever ponders on the Qur’an with an open mind, will accept its truth. Only those people who have already made up their minds not to accept it under any circumstances will deny it. They desire that the divine teachings should remain hidden (because with the spread of its teachings, their exploits and deceit would be exposed).
(48) (As for the proof that this book has been revealed to you from Allah and not devised by you, everyone knows that) Before the revelation of this Qur’an, you did not know how to read or write with your (own) right hand(3).
If you had known how to read and write before the revelation of the Qur’an, then those who consider it to be false, could have had a reason to suspect that you yourself compiled it. (The fact that an unlettered person has produced a literary masterpiece, the like of which cannot be produced by any of your scholars, writers or poets – 2:23 is enough proof that the source of this book is beyond human knowledge and intellect.)
(49) The aforementioned was external evidence regarding the divinity of this book. Its internal evidence is its teachings. Whenever people of intellect and wisdom reflect on it, they realize that these divine laws are very clear and convincing and they feel as if the Qur’an is saying something which is from their own hearts. Only those people who are unjust, rebellious and stubborn and want to stay in the darkness due to their ignorance, would reject it.

(50) These are the people who, instead of pondering over the realities of the Qur’an, insist on asking that if he really is Allah’s Rasool, then why he is not endowed with visible miracles? Tell them that there is no dearth of miracles with Allah. Every particle in the universe is a miracle in itself but, as has been explained earlier, the Qur’an is a code of life and my duty is to caution you, in no uncertain terms, about the results of following it and about what would happen if you defy it.
(51) Ask them, “Is it not enough that through you, the Almighty has revealed this code of life for them?” For the people who believe in its truth, the Qur’an will point to the sources of nourishment and rahma, and serve as a reminder to them about the direction they should take at every crucial cross-road of life.
(52) Tell them, “The tangible results of this divine code of life should be sufficient for them to decide between you and me (6:136). He knows what is happening in the universe and how by these activities positive results are produced for everything. Therefore, the people who reject the divine laws and consider their own way of life (which produces negative results) to be correct, shall soon see with their own eyes the destructive loss caused by their erroneous way of life.”
(53) After they have been told about this, they ask you to hasten the chastisement with which you threaten them. Had it not been for a period (of respite) set aside for the physical manifestation of the results of one’s deeds, the chastisement would certainly have come to them a long time back. It will certainly come after the period (of respite) and will overtake them so suddenly that they will be unable to perceive its source.
(54) Yes, they are in a hurry for the chastisement to come quickly. (If they only knew that) The chastisement (which they think to be a mere threat) has already engulfed them from all sides. (They are not hidden from it – 79:36, 82:16. That punishment will be the result of their own deeds, the results of which are being accrued all the time. The only difference is that they are hidden from view at present and will physically appear at the appropriate time, either in this life or in the life hereafter.)
(55) And when it appears to them in visible form, then it will engulf them from the top to the bottom (6:65). Allah Almighty will then tell them, “This is the result of your own deeds, so taste it (its fruit) now.”
(56) (That certainly will be their end. However, for the jama (group) which has to establish the divine order, the excuse that the opposite group was too strong for them will not suffice.) Tell them, “You trust the divine laws and have decided to lead a life according to them. Hence, if the circumstances here are not favourable, move to a place where you can find a conducive environment, because Allah’s earth is vast. The objective is not to stick to any particular place, but to live a life according to the divine laws, wherever possible; and to obey Him and no one else. Therefore go wherever it is possible to live such a life.”
(57) The worse that can ensue from this struggle is loss of life. In any case, who is going to live in this world forever? Every living being is moving towards death. Every living being has to die one day and has to be answerable before Us for their actions. So every step you take should lead you towards Our chosen destination. (Being answerable for one’s deeds means knowing that the consequences (of one’s actions) are being compiled as per God’s Law of Mukafat.)
(58) It is Our promise that We will get the group of Momineen who work according to our constructive suggested programme, out of a life of poverty and misery and bestow on them a life of comfort, dignity, grace and plenty. This life will never wane in its grandeur or freshness. They will stay evergreen (25:75).
See what an excellent reward We give to those who work for it.
(59) This refers to those who remain steadfast in the enforcement of the divine programme and have full trust in the firmness of the laws of their Rabb. (They have no doubt in their minds about what they would live on if they leave their homes in the cause of the divine system, or if they keep their hard earned income open for the nourishment of mankind.)
(60) (Tell those who have any such uncertainty to just look at the universe.) How many living beings are there (on the earth), which store their food or carry it on their backs? Every one of them gets its sustenance as per the universal divine law of nourishment (11:6). Accordingly, if you, too, establish a similar system in your society – and stop individual plunder or hoarding -, you will also get nourishment like this (6:152). This is because He hears all and is aware of everyone’s needs. No one is outside His view. (It is your own unjust system which has created such economic imbalances and disorders.)
(61) (But such is their state of mind that they accept the supremacy of divine laws in the outer universe, but want to keep human affairs outside its ambit. For instance) If you ask them about the creator of the heavens and the earth and about the maker of the laws to which the sun and the moon have been made subservient, they will agree that Allah is responsible for all this.
However, ask them why they do not establish human society according to the divine laws and they start vacillating on reaching this point (21:20-22, 23:84-88, 31:25, 43:9).
(62) (Remember! Just as the divine law is functioning in the outer universe, it is similarly doing so in the human world.) His law prevails whether it grants abundance of nourishment, or lack of it. Therefore any person (or nation) who wants abundance of nourishment has to work according to His laws; and the one who wants to deprive himself of nourishment, can leave this law and his sustenance will be restricted. Allah has full knowledge of everything. (This universe is not being run indiscriminately, but is controlled according to Allah’s laws and discipline.)
(63) As an example, just ask them “Who sends down water from the clouds, thereby giving new life to the dead earth?” They will surely reply that it is Allah who does this and does it most perfectly.
Ask them, “When you acknowledge that wherever the divine law of Rabubiyya is in force, it receives appreciation and praise from all around, then why don’t you introduce the same law in your own society?” At this point their selfish passions will overpower their analytical mind and they will not use their intellect and reason.
(64) Although, if they were to use their intellect and wisdom, it would become amply clear to them that if life means breathing only, and that its stoppage would put an end to life, then there would be no high ideal or objective before man. As such, living would mean only the satisfaction of physical desires and be nothing but a passing delight or a play.
If they analyze logically they will realize that real life means ‘living at a human level’. Life at a human level goes on even beyond death. (Life that ends with death is that of the ‘animal level’; which is the physical body of the human being.)
(65) When the objective of life is reduced only to nourishment and preservation of the human body, then a person does not have any higher goal for which he has to observe permanent values and follow established laws. His condition is like that of someone who, when in danger, is ready to accept any condition whatsoever; and when he is out of danger forgets everything and reverts to his previous way of life. To appreciate this scenario, just visualize a boat: when people on board are surrounded by a storm, they cry out to the Almighty in utmost sincerity as if all their obedience and submission are exclusively for Him; but when they are out of danger and safely back on shore, they again start ascribing a share to other powers besides Allah.
(66) All this is because they want to keep hidden whatever means of nourishment We have vouchsafed them, and to restrict them for their own use, without allowing anyone else to have a share in it. (This is not possible when you obey the divine laws only.)
Very soon they will come to know the result of such an attitude.
(67) (If they want to see how peacefully people live in places where Our laws are respected, even in the worst of times, then) Take the example of the vicinity of the Ka’bah. Anyone who reaches there finds the place to be safe and secure, while all around such lawlessness prevails that men are being carried away in broad daylight.
Ask them whether they still want to continue following their own false and vain lifestyle, despite such a sound and visible example? Such a lifestyle will result in nothing but destruction, as opposed to the pleasant things which would accrue by following Our laws.
(68) After explaining all this, ask them, “Who else can be more rebellious and wicked than the one who attributes his own fabrications to Allah; or who belies the truth when it is revealed unto him? Don’t you believe that the final abode of those who deny the truth would be the place where all their life’s achievements will be destroyed and burnt to ashes?”
(69) On the other hand, the results of the efforts of those who strive hard for the attainment of the objective which We have earmarked for them, will be that new avenues of life will open for them. Each avenue will lead them to the straight path and thus all their efforts will be directed towards the programme determined by Us.
Remember, that all people who live a balanced and disciplined life according to the divine laws are provided help and assistance from Allah.


(1) This can also mean that his age was two hundred years. (The word sana is also used for the four parts of the year.) This would mean that thousand parts would amount to two hundred and fifty years. If you remove fifty years, it would leave two hundred years. It could also mean that his age was two hundred and fifty years out of which the first fifty years (prior to nabuwwat) were the period of rest. After that, the period of difficulties started. However, these are all conjectures. The true, plausible meaning of the verse will be clear one day, when historical research will become conclusive.

(2) qata’as-sabeel  literally, ‘cutting the path,’ is also used in the sense of ‘highway robbery.

(3) This shows that after the revelation, Rasoolullah did learn to read and write.

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The Quranic System of Sustenance – Parwez (Translated & Edited: Saleena Karim)

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For Urdu Version – Nizame Rabubiyyat New Edition – G A Parwez (نظامِ ربوبیت – پرویز)

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Jihad Is Not Terrorism – Parwez

jihad is not terrorism

Jihad is not terrorism


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Jihad – Parwez (جہاد کا مفہوم قرانِ کریم کی روشنی میں – پرویز)

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Did Quaid Want Secular Pakistan

Did Quaid-e-Azam Want to Make Pakistan a Secular State – G A Parwez – Tolue Islam Trust

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The Eclipse of Islam – What happened to Islam after Hazrat Umar – Parwez (شعلۂ عشق سیاہ پوش ہوا تیرے بعد – پرویز)

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